South American Countries Call for Comprehensive Approach to Migration


South American delegates who met in Caracas for the VII South
American Conference on Migration are this week presenting the
Caracas Declaration at the Global Forum on Migration and
Development in Brussels.

The Global Forum, taking place this week in Belgium, aims to be the
start of a new global process designed to enhance the positive
impact of migration on development "paragraph-link-no-underline" href=""
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During the VII South American Conference on Migration held last
week in Caracas, delegates from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela
called for a comprehensive approach to migration issues and respect
for migrants’ rights.

The Caracas Declaration, signed by all participating countries at
the end of the two-day meeting, states that the human aspect of
migration must be at the centre of all migration policies and

The Declaration made reference to the positive contributions made
by migrants to destination countries and called for the need to
guarantee the integration of migrants into the host societies.

The final document also stressed the need to promote cooperation
between sending and receiving countries in order to increase
development and reverse poverty and social exclusion, the root
causes of economic migration.

The Declaration repudiated economic policies that foster the
precarious employment situation of most irregular migrants, their
exploitation and violation of their human rights.

IOM’s World Migration Report 2005 estimates that some 20
million Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) nationals live outside
their country of birth, most of them in North America, and three
million within Latin America and the Caribbean. Between 1995 and
2000, the net emigration rate for Latin America and the Caribbean
was the highest of any region in the world.

IOM’s Migration Research Series confirms that between 1995
and 2003 the LAC population in Spain, mainly from Colombia, Ecuador
and the Dominican Republic, increased from 92,642 to 514,485,
representing 3 per cent of all immigrants with residence permits.

The South American Conference on Migration, first held in Lima in
1999, is a regional process ensuring South America’s access
to international mainstream mechanisms for dialogue and agreement
on world migration issues.

For more information, contact the Technical Secretariat of the
South American Conference on Migration, Email: "paragraph-link-underlined" href="" target=
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