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04 September 2017

Comments/questions: editor@iom.int


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Ol, a Cambodian migrant was trafficked and enslaved for seven years. Photo: Muse Mohammed/IOM 2017

Fulfilling the Dream: Labour Migration in Cambodia and the Benefits, Challenges and Risks that Come with It.

(IOM) Cambodia – Migration is a livelihood strategy for many Cambodians seeking better employment opportunities, and it is an integral part of the social and economic fabric of the country. Migration is an agent for development and an important contributor to poverty reduction all across Cambodia.

With more than 1 million Cambodians migrating every year, ensuring the well-being of migrants -and the families they leave behind- are a central part of IOM’s work. Improving migrants’ skills, providing safe migration training, and promoting the rights of migrants are important steps in improving their socioeconomic conditions.

Access to health care is one of the main issues faced by migrants and mobile populations. IOM Cambodia works to enhance access to communicable disease prevention, testing and treatment for migrants, mobile populations and migrants in remote areas.

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Though trafficking in persons and smuggling share some similarities, the two topics refer to different criminal acts. Photo: ACP-EU Migration Action 2017

The Difference Between Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants

(IOM) Geneva – Trafficking in persons (TiP) and smuggling of migrants (SoM) directly affect ACP (African, Caribbean and the Pacific Group of States) countries and their European Union counterparts.

Both constitute lucrative and difficult to trace multi-billion dollar businesses whose scale is difficult to quantify and compare reliably. Both involve human beings and criminal networks and are very hard to trace by the authorities.

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A former victim of human trafficking in Indonesia. Photo: Muse Mohammed/IOM 2017

Aligning Efforts to End Modern Slavery

By the International Labour Organization, the Walk Free Foundation, and the UN Migration Agency (IOM)

Geneva – While many think slavery was a phenomenon of the past, it is a scourge of humanity that unfortunately is still very much prevalent around the world today. Criminals all over the world continue to find new ways to exploit the vulnerable, undermine their human rights and extract their labour by force. Whether this takes the form of the sexual enslavement of women during conflict or the recruitment and trafficking of men forced to labour on fishing vessels, millions of our fellow human beings are victims of these human rights violations.
On 19 September, Alliance 8.7, the global partnership to end forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour, will bring together key partners representing governments, United Nations (UN) organizations, the private sector, workers’ organizations and civil society to launch new global estimates of modern slavery and child labour. 


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Migrant Smuggling Data and Research. This report shows the research that has been undertaken on migrant smuggling, including routes, smuggling organizations, smuggler profiles and fees/payment. Read more 

Read more on human smuggling by accessing a catalogue of IOM publications here.


"It took a long time for migration to find a central place in the UN system" - Louise Arbour, UN Special Representative for International Migration at the Global Compact for Migration consultations in South America. Watch more


IOM X is the International Organization for Migration's innovative campaign to encourage safe migration and public action to stop exploitation and human trafficking. The campaign is produced in partnership with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Read more


Rachel: "Home is about people. In that sense, it's something you can carry with you, and build in a new place."
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Migration in the News

  • NBC reported that two years since a photo of lifeless Syrian boy Aylan Kurdi captured the world's attention, the migration crisis has shifted to the other side of the Mediterranean Sea with most migrants attempting to reach Europe journey from North Africa to Italy.
  • AFP reported that Gambian migrants who suffered horrific abuses on their journey through the Sahara desert have formed a group to agitate for job creation from the new government and to dampen expectations among their peers that a life in Europe is within easy reach.
  • AFP reported that over 40,000 Syrian refugees living in Turkey have taken advantage of a rare chance to return to their war-torn homeland to celebrate Eid Al Adha.
  • IPS reported that Latin America and the Caribbean called for the free movement of persons to be included in the Global Compact on Migration.
  • The Guardian reported that traditional west African ‘healers’ and Sicilian psychiatrists are struggling to help free Nigerian women forced into prostitution because of ‘juju curse’.
  • The Philippines’ Journal Online reported that Philippines Labor Secretary Silvestre H. Bello III called on all sectors to work together for the productive reintegration of Overseas Filipino Workers during a recent summit.

Trending on the Internet

  • The Guardian reported about the One Day Without Us event which aims to counter increasing xenophobia since the Brexit vote and emphasise the variety of work undertaken by migrants in the UK.
  • BBC shared the story of Rozhin, a Syrian refugee who runs a beauty salon and gown-hire shop at a camp in north of Mosul.
  • Reuters, The Washington Post, and USAID reported that after four years of civil war marked by brutal attacks on civilians, the United States is reviewing its support for South Sudan, USAID administrator Mark Green told the country’s President Salva Kiir in talks in the capital Juba.


Media Contacts

For interviews and other media requests, please contact the

IOM Media and Communications team here.