“Climate change impacts water resources which in turn compels populations to migrate.”
William Swing addressing the 9th World Water Forum in Brazil
Meeting the water needs of conflict-affected communities in Southern Libya
IOM – Libya is among the most water scarce countries in the world.
The Sahara Desert covers around 90 per cent of its territory and the more south you go, the warmer and drier the climate and ground get. A rapidly increasing population – likely to reach 12 million by 2025 from less than one million in 1955 – enduring local conflicts and national instability have intensified the challenge presented by Libya’s sparse supply of water.
Communities in southern Libya crucially rely on water wells to extract water, which through the connection to the water well network, reaches peoples’ individual homes.
Over the past few years, many wells have fallen into disrepair or were not connected to the electricity grid, with no means of fixing these issues locally. As a result, families in Sabha and Qatroun faced extreme shortages of water, particularly in remote areas.
IOM – The international community has, for good reason, sought to emphasize the importance of migration as a global public policy issue.
With heightened awareness of the multiple implications of poorly managed migration, and with the international community focused on developing a new global compact to address it, the opportunity for a more nuanced, more sophisticated approach to migration has presented itself.
With this has come the opportunity to better understand migration and its links with other policy issues that at first thought might seem unrelated.
Take, for example, the issue of water.
Owing to its centrality to sustainable development and, indeed, to life as we know it, water and its relationship to migration is an emerging field of study that requires attention and action.
Although the links are not always straightforward, researchers have nonetheless begun to delve deeper into the issue in order to better chart the implications of these two policy domains and their intersections.