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12 April 2018

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Young Afghan girl stands outside her home in Qarabagh district in Kabul province, Afghanistan Photo: UNHCR/S. Rich

Challenge of Reintegration Faces Returning Afghans

High levels of internal displacement, limited services and few jobs tackled with whole of community approach

Kabul – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, and UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, have launched a joint report on returns to Afghanistan from Pakistan and Iran in 2017.

Last year over 600,000 Afghans returned home voluntarily or were deported from the two neighboring countries, bringing the number of returns to Afghanistan since 2001 to over eight million.

Reintegration in Afghan society is difficult for returnees, with the country still mired in conflict, with high levels of internal displacement, limited services  and few jobs.

Afghanistan’s Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation coordinates the provision of humanitarian post-arrival and reintegration assistance, in close cooperation with UNHCR and IOM. UNHCR coordinates efforts to help registered refugees, while IOM coordinates assistance to undocumented returnees.

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Migration in the News

  • ANSA reported that migrant arrivals in Europe via the Mediterranean have surpassed 16,000 in 2018, less than half the number for the same period last year.
  • Xinhua reported that IOM will begin the second round of an oral cholera vaccination campaign in South Sudan's Malakal and Wau regions.
  • Egypt Today reported that Libya is in dire need of Egyptian labour to work in Libya during its reconstruction process, particularly in Sirte and Benghazi.
  • Azerbaijan’s Trend News Agency reported that IOM, in coordination with the Turkmen government, is holding a workshop in Ashgabat for Turkmen media representatives.
  • Myanmar Times reported that a standard operating procedures manual on managing cases of human trafficking and re-integrating victims into society was launched on Tuesday in the capital, Nay Pyi Taw. The manual was published jointly by the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and IOM.

Trending on the Internet

  • Brookings Institution reported that migrants are an unlikely key for economic development and are drivers of knowledge across borders that translates into higher productivity for industries in their country of destination, and even in their country of origin.
  • CNN reported that roughly 25 transgender and gender nonconforming individuals have joined a caravan of Central American migrants planning to cross through Mexico to the US border.


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