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29 October 2018

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Migrants and local community members in Agadez, Niger receives training on brick making using plastic and sand. Photo: Amanda Nero/IOM

Africa’s Fast-Growing Population: Tackling Youth Unemployment and Capturing the Demographic Dividend

Geneva (IOM) – Africa’s population is growing at an astonishing rate. By 2050, the number of people on the continent will climb to 2.5 billion. By the same year, the United Nations predicts that nearly half of the countries in Africa will double their populations. While regions such as Europe have virtually stopped growing, Africa’s population growth shows no signs of slowing.

Several factors explain this growth. Advances in healthcare and medical technology have sharply reduced infant and child mortality rates. Life expectancy, albeit still low compared to other regions, has also improved to say nothing of birth rates, which continue to outpace other regions.

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Public opinion about the value of migration appears closely tied to perceptions about integration. Photo: Hannibal Hanschke/REUTERS

We Need to Talk About Integration After Migration. Here Are Four Ways We Can Improve It

(World Economic Forum) – Integration is the delicate, critical transition of the migrant from outsider to insider - the process by which migrants become a part of their new community. Successful integration is hard to measure because it is multilayered, touching every part of the migrant experience, from education to housing, political participation and civic engagement.

We might not be able to capture it well, but few doubt its importance. While many migration issues remain hotly contested, integration is widely considered to be a good thing for migrants and for the societies they have moved into.

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Amadou: “The route is too difficult nowadays. A lot of people die on the road. Maybe you make it, maybe you die at sea. This is how it is.”

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  • BBC reported that Mexico offered temporary work permits to migrants who register for asylum, as a big caravan of Central American migrants continue on their way toward the US.

  • AFP reported that two seven-year-old children died in the Mediterranean as hundreds of migrants sought to reach Spain from Morocco, according to a Spanish NGO.

  • AP reported that Spain’s maritime rescue service saved over 350 migrantsattempting the perilous Mediterranean crossing on Saturday.

  • AP reported that many young Salvadorans flee their country under threat of fear violence, while others leave because of  economic reasons.

  • NRT TV reported that the World Health Organization has opened a new emergency health care unit and ambulance call centre in the Ana district ofwestern Anbar.

  • Ghana News Agency reported that a Standard Operating Procedures Handbook to guide the effective management of human trafficking has been launched in the Central Region.

  • Uganda’s New Vision reported that weak policies and frameworks governing migration in Africa have been cited as the leading cause of tensions between host communities and migrants.

  • The Washington Post reported that when the migrant surge began in 2015, Western Europe was welcoming. Since then, much of the region has closed its borders, turned away rescue ships and thrown support behind anti-migrant politicians — the most visible exception is Spain.

  • Landscape News reported that the concept of ‘migration as adaptation’ is gaining support as climate change intensifies.