Brief description of the CCCM context in Nicaragua
Over the years, Nicaragua has been severely affected by nu-merous natural disasters. The most acute was the 1972 earthquake, but subsequent disasters include hurricanes, tropical depressions, floods and cyclones.
Since Hurricane Mitch in 1998, Nicaragua has enhanced its preparedness for natural disasters, though areas for further progress remain. Cluster efforts are currently dedicated to contingency-planning, preparedness and response for hurri-canes, tropical depressions and earthquakes, identified as the three most likely natural disaster scenarios in Nicaragua.
In October 2011, heavy rains caused by Tropical Depression 12E induced flooding and landslides throughout Nicaragua, damaging property, vital infrastructure and agricultural crops, and resulting in an immediate need to evacuate affected populations.
The Resident Coordinator (RC) responded swiftly to the first alerts by activating the United Nations Disaster Management and Emergency Teams (UNDMT and UNETE) to facilitate co-ordination of response efforts. The RC requested a United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) de-ployment to support the Humanitarian Country Team.
Latest CCCM achievements in Nicaragua include:
- Activation of clusters during Tropical Depression 12E (October 2011).
- Preparation of first draft of CCCM contingency plan.
- Participation in the Humanitarian Network.
- Participation in UNETE and collaboration with OCHA.
- Trained national authorities, IOM staff and cluster part-ners on collective centre management, with IOM’s re-gional expert in emergency response and preparedness, gathering a total of 50 participants in March 2012.
- Collaborated with the National System for Prevention, Mitigation and Attention of Disasters (SINAPRED) to de-velop a CERF and Flash Appeal activity, with the partici-pation of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
Areas in need of global cluster support
Support for specialised training for international and nation-al staff working on cluster activities, as well as government authorities and key counterparts (contingent on funding).
Plans for 2012 to 2013
- Validate a multi-hazard Cluster contingency plan. Execute the UNETE Inter-Agency Plan related to Shelter.
- Strengthen IOM’s emergency unit by better positioning IOM in natural disaster prevention and preparedness.
- Maintain a focal point on disaster management.
- Promote Disaster Risk Reduction activities, including communication and awareness campaigns.