21st Century

2000 IOM assists some 150,000 Kosovars to return home; and organizes the return by land, sea and air to some 140,000 East Timorese refugees. IOM starts a programme for the identification and indemnification of former forced and slave labourers under the Nazi regime in Germany.

11 million migrants directly assisted by IOM.

2001 IOM road convoys deliver thousands of blankets and other non-food items from neighbouring countries to help internally displaced Afghans. In India, IOM builds shelters for the victims of the Gujarat earthquake. In West Africa, IOM assists 30,000 Sierra Leonean refugees returning home from Guinea. After launching a global information campaign, IOM receives and registers more than 300,000 compensations claims - four times the number anticipated by its German interlocutors.
2002 IOM coordinates assistance to internally displaced Afghans in camps in the north and west of the country and helps some 400,000 return to their home villages. The resettlement of more than 11,000 Somali Bantus from Kenya to the United States begins by first moving them to Kakuma refugee camp in north-western Kenya where IOM carries out medical examinations and provides cultural orientation courses. IOM makes first payments to almost half of its eligible slave and forced labour claimants. In several Eastern European countries IOM launches Humanitarian and Social Programmes for Roma and members of other groups persecuted under the Nazi regime.
2003 The Director General and the heads of five other international organizations - ILO, UNHCR, UNHCHR, UNODC and UNCTAD - form the Geneva Migration Group to share information and facilitate inter-agency cooperation.  

IOM strengthens its role in the development of international migration policy. The "International Dialogue on Migration" focuses on "Migration in a Globalized World." The Global Commission on International Migration begins its work and the two co-chairs discuss their goals with IOM’s membership at the IOM Council as part of the International Dialogue on Migration. Workshops for policy makers include "Data Collection and Management" and "Trade and Migration", the latter bringing together for the first time trade negotiators and migration regulators, in partnership with the World Bank and OECD. As the secretariat for the Swiss Government-led Berne Initiative, IOM develops the Draft International Agenda for Migration Management.

Operationally, IOM provides assistance to more than 6,000 third-country nationals of 19 nationalities fleeing the conflict in Iraq. Major emergency and post conflict programmes continue in Afghanistan, UNSC Resolution 1244-Administered Kosovo and Colombia.

12 million migrants directly assisted by IOM

2004 As part of the IOM Council, the International Dialogue on Migration focuses on "Valuing Migration: Costs, Benefits, Opportunities, and Challenges."  The heads of agency of each of the Geneva Migration Group members discuss their role in and commitment to migration as part of the Council dialogue. IOM's global seminar with WHO and CDC on "Migration & Health" brings together health and migration officials to focus on the public health implications of increasingly mobile populations. IOM also conducts a second global seminar on “Trade and Migration” with the World Bank and the WTO,  with particular focus on what can be learned from government experience in managing temporary labour migration for the current Doha trade round. 

IOM conducts four major regional consultations on the International Agenda for Migration Management, in Africa, Europe, Asia and the Americas, with the Swiss Government, culminating in the finalization of the Agenda in Berne in December.  

IOM sets up operations in the Darfur region to assist IDPs. In June IOM begins to resettle some 15,000 Hmong refugees from Laos from Thailand to the USA. In October IOM organizes the largest ever Out-of-Country Registration and Voting programme to enable nearly 850,000 Afghan refugees in Pakistan and Iran to vote in their country’s first democratic presidential election.

2005 IOM deepens its leadership in international migration policy development through regional and global fora. The International Dialogue on Migration focuses on "Toward Policy Coherence on Migration" with inter-sessional workshops on "Migration and Development" and "Building Capacity to Manage Migration" taking the dialogue both broader and deeper. The Director General created a Business Advisory Board to ensure that the private sector’s role and views are heard, particularly on mobility policies.  In Geneva it creates an HQ department of International Migration Law. 

IOM launches its largest ever emergency response following the December 26th 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Major logistics, emergency shelter and medical and other programmes are launched in Indonesia’s Aceh province, Sri Lanka and on Thailand’s Andaman coast. In March IOM emergency teams are redeployed from Aceh to Indonesia’s Nias island, following another major earthquake. A third major quake strikes Pakistan and India in October, killing some 80,000 people. IOM is asked by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) to become the coordinating agency for emergency shelter in Pakistan-administered Kashmir and Pakistan’s Northwest Frontier province – leading the race to help victims before the onset of the Himalayan winter. 

13 million migrants directly assisted by IOM.

2006 IOM resettles the first of 120,000 refugees from Myanmar from camps on the Thai-Myanmar border. The majority are ethnic Karen and leave to start new lives in the United States. IOM extends logistical support and camp management expertise to relief efforts in the wake of the Yogyakarta earthquake in Indonesia, the conflict in Timor-Leste, and Typhoon Durian in the Philippines. In the Middle East, IOM repatriates more than 13,000 third-country nationals, mostly migrant workers, from Lebanon during the conflict in July and August.

As part of its post-tsunami reconstruction efforts in Indonesia, IOM builds 3,960 temporary and permanent houses with some 572 permanent homes under construction. IOM also builds more than 200 schools together with the United Nations Children's Fund, and sets up several satellite health clinics. In Sri Lanka, IOM completes more than 5,700 transitional shelters and provides temporary schools, children's play areas, community centres and administrative offices at the shelter sites. The Organization continues to deliver assistance to victims of the October 2005 South Asia earthquake, including the training of emergency response teams in Pakistan.

IOM intensifies its counter-trafficking efforts worldwide, broadening partnerships with government and civil society, and works increasingly with religious institutions of different faiths to implement programmes. The Organization conducts studies on trafficking in persons in Africa, South East Asia and the Western Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) region.

By the end of December, IOM completes payments to over 80,000 former slave and forced labour claimants and makes more than 15,000 payments related to property loss under the Nazi regime. The heirs of some 16,000 deceased slave and forced labourers receive awards on their behalf.

2007 In Sudan IOM begins a massive joint operation with the United Nations, the Government of National Unity and the Government of South Sudan to assist some 120,000 internally displaced persons to return from camps in Khartoum to their homes in South Sudan. The Organization helps resettle to the US the first group of Burundian refugees from Tanzania. The refugees, who fled ethnic strife in their home land more than 30 years ago, are part of some 8,500 Burundian to be resettled over the next two years.

IOM continues to provide humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons in Iraq, where there are an estimated 2.4 million IDPs. IOM also provides emergency aid to populations affected by Tropical Storm Noel in Haiti and the Dominican Republic, and to those displaced by other natural disasters in Angola, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, Sudan, Uganda, Mexico, Peru, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Indonesia.

IOM and UNFPA organize an international expert seminar in Bangkok to discuss the impact of gradual climate change on migration, the effect of extreme environmental changes and the impact of migration on the environment.

The first meeting of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) takes place in Brussels, with IOM leading the preparations for a roundtable session entitled "Regional Migration Consultation Processes and Development: Advancing Cooperation". The GFMD is an international process that allows governments of developing and developed countries to discuss practical ways of strengthening the beneficial links between migration and development.

2008 IOM responds to Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar, which affects 2.4 million people and leaves 140,000 dead or missing. The Organization also moves swiftly to help stop the spread of an outbreak of cholera in Zimbabwe and to aid victims of various emergencies in Haiti, South Africa, Georgia, Mozambique, Yemen, Honduras, Angola, Bolivia and Pakistan. IOM continues its humanitarian assistance to thousands of internally displaced Iraqi families, as people begin to return to Baghdad. In Timor-Leste IOM supports government-led efforts to facilitate the return and reintegration of some 5,900 families displaced by civil unrest in 2006.

IOM helps over 8,000 ethnic Nepali Bhutanese refugees to leave camps in Eastern Nepal and resettle in the United States, Australia and New Zealand. The refugees fled Bhutan in the late 1980s and early 1990s, following the country's decision to revoke their citizenship

2009 The Organization provides shelter and non-food assistance to some 180,000 people displaced by fighting in Pakistan. It also aids some 300,000 people displaced by conflict in northern Sri Lanka. Survivors of typhoon Ketsana in the Philippines and of the West Sumatra earthquake in Indonesia also receive humanitarian assistance. IOM helps some 44,000 refugees to return home from Zambia to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

IOM urges consumers to play a greater role in ending human trafficking through its "Buy Responsibly" campaign. Encouraging the public to question "What Lies Behind the Things We Buy?" the campaign stresses the need to eliminate the demand for trafficked and exploited labour to provide cheap goods and huge profits.

2010 IOM rushes to Haiti's aid in response to the January earthquake which leaves over 200,000 dead and 1.9 million people homeless. IOM's assistance later expands to help fight the spread of cholera among the displaced populations, reconstruct houses and rebuild livelihoods. In Pakistan, IOM quickly responds to one of the worst floods in history to hit the country, which damages 1.7 million houses and leaves 11 million people homeless. In Sri Lanka, IOM also provides emergency assistance to thousands of people affected by floods, rain and landslides.

By year end, the number of refugees from Myanmar resettled by IOM reaches 69,000. The number of Bhutanese refugees resettled from Nepal reaches 40,000.