Bali Process


Type: Inter-regional forum on migration (regions covered: Europe – Asia – Americas –Africa)

Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: None

Established: 2002

Initiated at the Regional Ministerial Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime held in Bali, Indonesia, the Bali Process aims to address practical issues related to smuggling, trafficking and related transnational crime. The objectives for Bali Process include:

  • The development of more effective information and intelligence sharing;
  • Improved cooperation among regional law enforcement agencies to deter and combat people smuggling and trafficking networks;
  • Increased public awareness in order to discourage these activities and warn those susceptible;
  • The enactment of national legislation to criminalize people smuggling and trafficking in persons;
  • Provision of appropriate protection and assistance to the victims of trafficking, particularly women and children; and
  • Assisting countries to adopt best practices in asylum management.  

Current Thematic Focus

Member States (45 States)

Afghanistan Maldives
Australia Nauru
Bangladesh Nepal
Bhutan New Zeland
Brunei Darussalam Pakistan
Cambodia Palau
China Papua New Guinea
DPR Korea Philippines
Fiji Republic of Korea
New Caledonia (France) Samoa
Hong Kong (SAR of China) Singapore
India Solomon Islands
Indonesia Sri Lanka
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Syria
Iraq Thailand
Japan Timor Leste
Jordan Tonga
Kiribati Turkey
Lao PDR United Arab Emirates
Macau (SAR of China) United States of America
Malaysia Vanuatu
Mongolia Vietnam

Member Organizations (3 Organizations)

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Chairing Country
Bali Process has permanent co-chairs: Australia and Indonesia

Observer States (17 States)

The Netherlands
Russian Federation
South Africa
United Kingdom

Observer Organizations (13 Organizations)
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
APC Secretariat
ASEAN Secretariat
IGC Secretariat
International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
International Labour Office (ILO)
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
European Commission (EC)
World Bank (WB)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Steering Group
New Zealand

Ad Hoc Group
The Ad Hoc Group (AHG) mechanism was established in 2009 to comprehensively address situations on a case-by-case basis upon the request of most-affected countries, and to report developments to the wider membership of the Bali Process as appropriate.

Ad Hoc Group Members include 15 Bali Process Member States and 3 Member organizations:
New Zealand
Sri Lanka
Viet Nam

The following operate under the Ad Hoc Group:

  • Ad Hoc Group Technical Experts Working Group on Irregular Movements
  • Bali Process Working Group on Trafficking in Persons
  • Bali Process Working Group on the Disruption of People Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons Networks
  • Bali Process Task Force on Planning and Preparedness
  • Regional Immigration Liaison Officer Network (RILON)

Bali Process Government and Business Forum
Launched in 2017, this initiative engages the private sector to combat human trafficking, forced labour and related exploitation.

IOM Australia Country Office with Coordinating Functions for the Pacific provides technical secretariat functions for the Bali Process. 

The Regional Support Office of the Bali Process (RSO) was established in 2012 to facilitate the operationalization of the Regional Cooperation Framework or RCF (an inclusive and non-binding initiative of the Bali Process) to reduce irregular migration in the Asia and Pacific region.
The RSO aims to support and strengthen practical cooperation on refugee protection and international migration, including human trafficking and smuggling, and other components of migration management in the region.  The RSO is the regional focal point for coordination, engagement, capacity building, and sharing best practice for countering people smuggling, trafficking in persons and related transnational crime.  The RSO operates under the oversight and direction of the Indonesian and Australian Bali Process Co-Chairs, and in consultation with UNHCR and IOM.


Contact Information
Australian Co-Chair
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
R.G. Casey Building
John McEwan Crescent
Barton, ACT
0221 Australia

Indonesian Co-Chair
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Jalan Pejambon 6
DKI Jakarta

Bali Process Regional Support Office
Level 27, Rajanakarn Building
183 South Sathorn Road, Sathorn
Bangkok 10120, Thailand
Tel: +66 (0) 2343 9477

IOM Canberra
4th Floor Bright Consulting Building
161 London Circuit, Canberra, ACT 2608
Tel.: +61 2 6267 6655
Fax: +61 2 6257 3743

October 31, 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Ad Hoc Senior Officials' Meeting [Final Co-Chairs' Statement  | Bali Process Strategy: update| AHG Progress Report | Global Compacts paper].
September 14, 2017, Bangkok, Thailand, 3rd Joint Period of Action Debrief Workshop under the Working Group on the Disruption of People Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons Networks [Bali Process Co-Chair's Media Statement].
August 24-25, 2017, Perth, Australia, Bali Process Government and Business Forum [Co-Chairs’ Statement|Perth Forum Work Plan ].
May 23-24, 2017, Bali, Indonesia, Consultation Workshop – Bali Process Policy Guide on Following the Money in Trafficking in Persons Cases [Co-Chairs' statements].
May 25, 2017, Bali, Indonesia, Bali Process Working Group on Trafficking in Persons Meeting [Co-Chairs’ Statement].
May 18-19, 2017, Bali, Indonesia, Second Meeting of the Task Force on Planning and Preparedness (in support of the Consultation Mechanism) - Table Top Exercise on Irregular and Mixed Maritime Movements [Co-chairs' statement].
February 28, 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3rd Joint Period of Action Planning Workshop [Co-chairs' Statement].
February 23-24, 2017, Bangkok, Thailand, Regional Biometric Data Exchange Solution (RBDES) - First Ad Hoc Group RBDES Workshop [Outcome Statements | RBDES -Frequently Asked Questions ].
January 27, 2017, Bangkok, Thailand, Bali Process Task Force on Planning and Preparedness (in support of the Consultation Mechanism) Meeting [Co-chairs' statement ].
November 16, 2016, Colombo, Sri Lanka,  “Eleventh Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials” [Final Co-Chairs' Statement | Review of Region's Response to Andaman Sea Situation of May 2015].
March 23, 2016, Bali, Indonesia, Sixth Regional Ministerial Conference, [Final Co-Chairs' Statement | Bali Declaration on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (Attachment A)].
March 22, 2016, Bali, Indonesia,  Senior Officials Meeting, [Senior Officials Meeting final Co-Chairs' Statement].
February 2, 2016, Bangkok, Thailand, Tenth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials, [Outcomes Statement].
May 6, 2015, Wellington, New Zeeland, Senior Officials Meeting. 
August 6, 2014, Canberra, Australia, Eighth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials.
April 2, 2013, Bali, Indonesia, Fifth Regional Ministerial Conference.
April 1, 2013, Bali, Indonesia, Senior Officials Meeting.
March 4-5, 2013, Sydney, Australia, Seventh Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials’ Meeting.
June 1, 2012, Bali, Indonesia, Sixth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials.


Sixth Regional Ministerial Conference  2016  Final Co-Chairs' Statement
Fifth Regional Ministerial Conference 2013 Final Co-Chairs' Statement
The Tenth Anniversary Commemorative Events of the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime 2012 Co-Chairs' Statement
Fourth Regional Ministerial Conference 2011 Final Co-Chairs' statement
Third Regional Ministerial Conference 2009 Co-Chairs' statement
Second Regional Ministerial Conference 2003 Co-Chairs statement
First Regional Ministerial Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime 2002 Bali Ministerial Conference Co-Chairs Statement
Senior Officials Meeting March 2016 Senior Officials Meeting final Co-Chairs' Statement
Senior Officials Meeting - Ministerial Conference Preparatory Meeting
2003 Summary of the Bali Conference Preparatory Meeting
Bali Process Civil Registration Assessment Toolkit
Bali Process Handbook on Addressing Irregular Migration through Effective Information Campaigns
Bali Process Policy Guides on Criminalizing Migrant Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons
Bali Process Policy Guides on Identification and Protection of Victims of Trafficking
Bali Process Thematic Brief on Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR)
Global Compacts on Refugees and on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: The Bali Process experience (Global Compacts paper 2017)
Guide on Assisting and Interviewing Child Victims of Trafficking
Overview of the Bali Process Regional Support Office
Privacy and Data Protection Laws of Bali Process Member States
Quick Reference Guide for Frontline Border Officials
Quick Reference Guide on Interviewing Victims of Trafficking