The purpose of the IOM strategy for SEEECA is to provide a framework for IOM’s engagement in the region until 2020. This framework is based on the IOM mandate enshrined in the IOM Constitution and is derived from IOM’s Global Strategy adopted by the Member States as well as the needs, gaps and the analysis of the regional migration situation and emerging trends. The outcomes of the recent global deliberations on migration, in particular of the second High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development and of the meetings of the Global Forum on Migration and Development, as well as the interagency work undertaken by the Global Migration Group, have also been taken into account.
IOM’s overall goal in SEEECA is to promote good governance of migration. Good governance of migration, if achieved, supports humane and orderly migration which benefits migrants and society.
IOM’s strategic objectives in SEEECA are:
- to provide comprehensive support to States in managing migration in a coherent, humane and balanced manner;
- to provide effective protection and assistance to migrants; and
- to enhance the understanding of good migration governance within the international community at large, the private sector, civil society and other partners.
Thematically, IOM’s interventions in SEEECA cover the full spectrum of migration management. It has identified 9 thematic objectives for its work in SEEECA in the coming years.
IOM’s thematic objectives in SEEECA are:
- Supporting the development of comprehensive, evidence-based and forward-looking migration policies and legislation in line with international norms and standards;
- Ensuring the protection of the human rights of all migrants;
- Providing effective protection and assistance to vulnerable migrants, including in the context of complex migration flows;
- Combating trafficking in human beings and migrant exploitation;
- Expanding channels for regular migration and refining existing frameworks for labour migration facilitation in line with principles of ethical and fair international recruitment;
- Strengthening links between migration and development to maximize the benefits of migration and reduce its negative effects for countries, communities and migrants;
- Mitigating the negative impact of migration on the health of migrants, their families and societies;
- Promoting effective immigration and border management to facilitate the legitimate movement of people and goods, while also maintaining secure borders, including in the context of complex migration flows and in crisis situations;
- Ensuring preparedness and enabling a more effective operational response to crises and emergencies.
Finally, 6 principles underpin all IOM activities in the region and guide the Organization in pursuit of its goal.
IOM’s operational principles in SEEECA are:
Broad-based partnerships and cooperation at bilateral, multilateral and regional levels: IOM believes that interstate cooperation, in particular at the regional level as well as broad-based partnerships bringing together States, international and non-governmental organizations, the private sector, civil society and migrants themselves is essential to the success of activities in the migration sphere. Therefore IOM considers facilitation and support to interstate and multi-stakeholder partnerships and cooperation on migration among its key priorities. In its own work in SEEECA, IOM actively engages with all relevant stakeholders at the local, national and regional levels.
Governmental ownership. Governments’ buy-in and active engagement are a precondition for success and sustainability of interventions in the migration sphere. IOM seeks to achieve it by providing support, advice and trainings to build capacities of governments and other relevant stakeholders for migration management at policy, legislation and technical levels. Capacity building needs are particularly acute in a number of SEEECA countries where parts of the governments dealing with migration recently underwent considerable restructuring. IOM also works to promote dialogue on migration issues at national and regional levels to shape the national and regional migration agendas and ensure the States’ ownership. IOM develops and implements its activities in continuous close coordination with governmental counterparts, from the conceptualization phase and throughout the project cycle.
Human rights-based approach. While promotion of the human rights of migrants is one of IOM’s thematic objectives in SEEECA, ensuring the human rights of migrants also underpins IOM activities across all the thematic areas. IOM is committed to a human rights-based approach to migration management based on existing international and regional legal frameworks and is mainstreaming it into IOM’s project design and implementation process in SEEECA.
Gender equality. IOM is dedicated to promoting gender equality, including through women’s empowerment. IOM believes that women, men, boys and girls and other groups have a right to access all services and benefit from all existing opportunities equally. IOM is committed to ensuring that their specific needs are identified, taken into consideration and addressed in all IOM projects and services. It seeks to do so both by mainstreaming gender considerations in all IOM activities in SEEECA and by carrying out targeted interventions to address different needs and specific vulnerabilities of migrant women, men, boys and girls.
Focus on the most vulnerable. In all the diversity of migration issues and the challenges in finding policy and operational solutions, IOM seeks to emphasize and provide tailor-made support for vulnerable groups, including women, the elderly, disabled, unaccompanied minors, youth, minority groups, stranded migrants, displaced populations and victims of trafficking.
Operational excellence. IOM strives to continuously enhance the quality of its work at both the development and implementation stages. The relevant measures include: focus on outcomes and impacts of IOM activities; improving monitoring and evaluation; ensuring relevance and enhance sustainability of IOM’s work, systematic mainstreaming of cross-cutting issues, such as human rights, environment and gender into all IOM’s strategic plans, programmes and projects, from their development throughout implementation, and promotion of sub-regional and regional approaches to project development.