Brief description of the CCCM context in Pakistan

Following three periods of heavy rainfall during the particu-larly intense 2011 monsoon, many people were displaced by widespread flooding in Sindh and Balochistan and localised riverine flooding along some stretches of the Indus. Approxi-mately 823,000 houses were damaged or destroyed in the two provinces, and an estimated 1.8 million people (300k households) were displaced.

In agreement with the government, the Shelter Cluster was rolled out in September 2011. It incorporated the Temporary Settlement Support Unit (TSSU), tasked with certain CCCM information management responsibilities. Specifically, TSSU monitored and reported on the locations of and conditions in temporary settlements that sprang up as people were displaced due to rising floodwaters and collapsed houses. In September 2012, the Pakistan Humanitarian Country Team confirmed IOM as national lead agency for the CCCM and Shelter Cluster.

Training activities

  • Conducted a series of CCCM trainings and Training of Trainers (ToTs) in Sindh to build the capacity of govern-ment and local NGOs. The provincial government has recognised these trainings as a joint initiative between IOM and the government. IOM Pakistan is considering a nationwide roll-out of this training in collaboration with government, NGOs, communities and the private sector.

Latest achievements

  • Monitored temporary settlements on a monthly basis, initially identifying and assessing 130,000 households in 2,500 settlements.
  • In second round of assessments, contributed data on shelter needs for a Multi-Sectoral Needs Assessment.
  • In total, conducted six rounds of assessments for tempo-rary settlements and two assessments for site residents’ return areas. Widely disseminated results to relevant clusters to inform response and assistance strategies.
  • Developed a new technology using smartphones/tablets to collect data through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the field, using information management soft-ware such as Open Data Kit and InfoPath. This mobile DTM system is now being tested by IOM Philippines and IOM Afghanistan.
  • In the realm of preparedness activities, conducted an assessment to verify evacuation sites pre-identified by district authorities in accordance with international stan-dards for adequate shelter of displaced populations.
  • Updated the Country CCCM Cluster Contingency Plan.

Plans for 2012 to 2013

  • Integrate CCCM, Shelter and Technology, Capacity-Building Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Disaster Risk Manage-ment (DRM) initiatives under the longer-term country fra-mework for DRR and DRM that is currently being formu-lated with government and other stakeholders.
  • Identify durable solutions for people remaining in settle-ments and those unable to return. Develop a returns pack-age with support from the Provincial Disaster Management Authority and other clusters for those in settlements who are able and willing to return.
  • Improve the mobile data collection tools.