Pan-African Forum on Migration

Type: Interregional forum on migration (regions covered: Africa continent-wide)

Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: African Union

Established: 2015


The Pan-African Forum on migration (PAFoM) [formerly Intra-Regional Forum on Migration in Africa] aims to promote and deepen inter-state dialogue and intra/inter-regional cooperation on migration. It is a platform to inform, inspire and motivate the African Union Regional Economic Communities (AU RECs), RCPs and other inter-state consultation mechanisms on migration in Africa at both the national and regional levels for cross-fertilization and to bring each other up to speed, as each of the current five RCPs in Africa (IGAD-RCP, MIDSA, MIDWA, MIDCOM and MIDCAS) are at varying ages and stages of evolution.

PAFoM provides a platform for African regional institutions and partners to share information on current migration trends, patterns and dynamics, newly emerging issues and reliable migration data at the national, regional and continental level in order to find durable solutions to the migration challenges in Africa.  Its objective is to enhance capacities of the Africa regional frameworks on migration to facilitate intra-regional migration and human mobility, free movement of persons and integrated border management through sharing of knowledge, information, good practices, experiences and lessons learnt. 
PAFoM assesses the status of implementation of the Protocols on free movement of persons of the AU RECs across Africa, and evaluates the visa issuance regimes of African countries in order to facilitate the implementation of continent-wide visa free regimes.  PAFOM deliberates on the African regional processes towards the implementation of the AU decisions, including the Common African Position on migration and development.

The Kigali Roundtable on Intra-Regional Migration and Labour Mobility within Africa of March 2015 contributed to the implementation of the AU Assembly Declaration on Migration adopted at its 25th Ordinary Session in Johannesburg in June 2015.
The first Pan-African forum on migration held in Accra provided inputs towards the preparation of the Africa-EU Summit on Migration in Valletta, Malta in November 2015. It also assessed the progress made in the inception phase of the Regional Joint Labour Migration Programme (JLMP, programme by the AU, ILO, IOM and UNECA) and its way forward. The Second Forum, the Lusaka Forum contributed to enhancing capacities of the African Institutions to facilitate intra-regional migration, human mobility and free movement of goods and services through improved integrated border management in response to AU Decisions, Policies and Declarations on Migration and Development in Africa.  The Third Forum in Kampala started formulation of an Africa-wide common position on the global compact for migration.

Current Thematic Focus

  • Migration governance in Africa
  • Regional integration in Africa
  • Facilitated free movement of persons in Africa
  • Facilitated trade in Africa
  • Integrated border management in Africa
  • Visa regimes in Africa
  • Combatting irregular migration in Africa

Member States (55 States, all African Union Member States)

Algeria Madagascar
Angola Malawi
Benin Mali
Botswana Mauritania
Burkina Faso Mauritius
Burundi Morocco
Cameroon Mozambique
Cabo Verde Namibia
Central African Republic Niger
Chad Nigeria
Union of Comoros Rwanda
Republic of the Congo Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic
Ivory Coast Sao Tome and Principe
Democratic Republic of the Congo Senegal
Djibouti Seychelles
Egypt Sierra Leone
Equatorial Guinea Somali Republic
Eritrea South Africa
Ethiopia South Sudan
Gabon The Sudan
Gambia Kingdom of Swaziland
Ghana United Republic of Tanzania
Guinea Togo
Guinea-Bissau Tunisia
Kenya Uganda
Kingdom of Lesotho Zambia
Liberia Zimbabwe

Member Organizations
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
Migration Dialogue from the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (MIDCOM)
Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
Migration Dialogue for Central Africa (MIDCAS)
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Migration Dialogue for West Africa (MIDWA)
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Intergovernmental Authority on Development Regional Consultative Process on migration (IGAD-RCP)
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Migration Dialogue for Southern Africa (MIDSA)
Community of Sahel-Saharan State (CEN-SAD)
Arab Maghreb Union (UMA)
East African Community (EAC)
African Union Commission
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
International Organization for Migration (IOM)

Chairing Country
Current Chair: Egypt 

Technical secretariat is under development.
IOM Headquarters provides secretariat support to the PAFOM. 

To be developed

Contact Information
International Organization for Migration
Mr Charles Kwenin, Senior Regional Adviser for Africa (SSA)
17 route des Morillons, Grand-Saconnex
Geneva, CH-1211, Switzerland
Tel: +41794067244,


September 17-19, 2019, Cairo, Egypt, 5th PAFOM Ministerial Meeting “Strengthening Migration Data and Research for evidence-based policy development and implementation towards effective migration governance in Africa” (TBC)
November 11-12, 2018, Djibouti, 4th Pan African Forum on Migration “Harnessing the benefits of Free Movement of persons regime for sustainable development in Africa”
May 15-17, 2017, Kampala, Uganda, the Kampala Forum “Towards a Common African Position on the Global Compacts on Migration and on Refugees”
May 4 – 6, 2016, Lusaka, Zambia, the Lusaka Forum “Fostering Regional Integration: Facilitating Trade and Human Mobility through Enhanced Border Management”
September 16-18, 2015, Accra, Ghana, The 1st Joint Annual Forum for Intra-Regional Consultations of Africa Regional Frameworks on Migration (Accra Forum) “Enhancing Capacities of Africa Regional Frameworks on Migration to Facilitate Intra-Regional Labour Mobility, Free Movement of Persons and Integrated Border Management”
March 23-25, 2015, Kigali, Rwanda, Kigali Roundtable on Intra-Regional Migration and Labour Mobility within Africa


Principal Documents
African Union Executive Council Decision (EX.CL/Dec.305 (IX) of 2006
African Union Assembly Declaration on Migration (Assembly/AU/Decl.6 (XXV)) of June 2015
Common Africa Position on migration
Recommendations for Labour Mobility and Free Movement of People in Africa