Puebla Process

Regional Conference on Migration (RCM or Puebla Process)

"Promoviendo y fortaleciendo el diálogo y la cooperación regional"
"Fostering and strengthening regional dialogue and cooperation"

Type : Regional consultative process on migration (Region: North and Central America)

Established: 1996

Objective

The RCM is a Regional Consultative Process (RCP), that is voluntary, non-binding and operates by consensus. It provides a space for respectful, frank and honest discussions among Member Countries on regional and international migration, ensuring greater coordination, transparency, and cooperation.

This multilateral forum works to foster regional efforts to strengthen migration governance; protect the human rights of migrants, especially of those in vulnerable situations; promote appropriate linkages between migration and sustainable development; define strategic priorities; and address the main challenges the region faces regarding migration; as well as strengthening, modernizing and managing borders.

Current Thematic Pillars

1. Migration Governance:

  • Generation and use of migration data
  • Integrated border management
  • Addressing extra-regional migration
  • Promoting safe, orderly and regular migration
  • Preventing and countering the smuggling of migrants
  • Preventing and combating trafficking in persons
  • Regularization, visas and travel documentation
  • Return
  • Effective systems of response to emergencies or migratory crises

2. Integration, Migration and its links to development:

  • Labor migration
  • Migration and tourism
  • Economic development and availability of opportunitites in countries of origin
  • Integration and reintegration of migrants
  • Private sector and migration
  • Remittances
  • Diasporas
  • Economic benefits of migration
  • Portability of rights
  • Prevention of xenophobia
  • Interculturality

3. Protection, preparedness, assistance and Irregular Migration

  • Assistance to migrant populations in crisis due to disasters and other situations of vulnerability
  • Consular assistance, care and protection
  • Prevention of irregular migration
  • Mixed migration flows
  • Migration and family
  • Migration and health
  • Migrant women
  • Migrant children and adolescents
  • LGBTI population
  • Attention of people in mass migration flows
  • Building capacity of and increasing access to international refugee / asylum protection systems
  • Statelessness
  • Assistance for persons subject of smuggling of migrants
  • Comprehensive care for victims of human trafficking
  • Effective response systems to emergencies or migratory crises

Member States (11 States)

Belize
Canada
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
United States

Note:  Since its establishment only one new Member State joined the Puebla Process - the Dominican Republic in 1999.

Chairing country:
Current Chair: Coasta Rica (2020)
2021 Chair:  Mexico
History of RCP chairmanship:

Observer Countries (5 States)

Argentina
Colombia
Ecuador
Jamaica
Peru

Observer Organizations (13 organizations)

Partners
The Regional Network for Civil Organizations on Migration (RNCOM) [a coalition of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) from all 11 RCM member States]

Secretariat
Executive Secretariat (IOM provides technical cooperation and administrative support)

Contacts
Executive Secretariat of the Regional Conference on Migration (RCM)
Edificio Sabana Business Center, Piso 7, Boulevard Ernesto Rohrmoser
San José, Costa Rica
Tel: (506) 2212-5300, Ext. 327/334/339
Mobile: (506) 8851-1009 / 7118-7015
Fax: (506) 2222-0590
E-mail: crmst@iom.int
Skype: secteccrm
Executive Secretary: Mr Luis Alonso Serrano
Tel: (506) 2212 -5339
E-mail:  lserrano@iom.int

Website:
http://portal.crmsv.org/ (Spanish)
https://portal.crmsv.org/en  (English)

Social Media:
Youtube

Meetings

December 3-5, 2019, San José, Costa Rica, Second Congress on Women in Migration: Gender, Human Rights, and Empowerment. Challenges and Perspectives
November 13 - 14, 2019, Guatemala City, Guatemala, XXIV Vice-Ministerial Meeting ( Charter )
November 12 - 13, 2019, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration
October 22 - 23, 2019, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Workshop to homologate the best practices of consulates and ministries of foreign affairs in the search for missing migrants within the framework of the Regional Conference on Migration
October 2019 (TBC), Guatemala City, Guatemala (TBC), Bi-Regional Plenary Meeting RCM - SACM
October 2019 (TBC), Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Workshop on Migrant Boys, Girls, and Adolescents
October 22 - 23, 2019, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Workshop to homologate the best practices of consulates and ministries of foreign affairs in the search for missing migrants within the framework of the Regional Conference on Migration
September 3 - 5, 2019, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Regional Workshop on Labor Migration
August 21 - 22, 2019, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Workshop “The key role of coordination and knowledge management for the humanitarian assistance of migrants in disaster situations”
June 25-26, 2019, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration (RCGM) ( Strategic Plan )

June 5, 2019, Mexico City, Mexico, Follow -up Workshop: Counter-Smuggling Work Plan of the RCM
March 7, 2019, San Jose, Costa Rica, II Migration Health Workshop
August 29, 2018, Panama City, Panama, Development of lines of action of the RCM to mainstream migration into the 2030 Agenda
July 20, 2018, Panama, Meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration (RCGM) ( Conclusions )
June 25-26 , 2018, Guatemala City, Guatemala, Meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration ( Conclusions )
June 7, 2018, Mexico City, Mexico, Workshop on prevention and assistance to displaced people and migrants across borders within the context of disasters
May 23, 2018 , Guatemala City, Guatemala, Workshop on the return, reception and reintegration of migrant and refugee boys, girls and adolescents
May 9, 2018, Montevideo, Uruguay, Plenary Meeting of the RCM and the SACM
April 26, 2018, Panama City, Panama, Workshop on Consular Protection for Migrant Workers
September 5, 2018, Mexico City, Mexico, Regional workshop on labor migration governance
November 27-30, 2017, El Salvador, XXII Regional Conference on Migration.
September 19-20, 2017, El Salvador, Workshop for the Validation of the document on Protection and assistance to migrant women.
August 8-9, 2017, San José, Capacity building workshop on disaster displacement, migration and climate change for RCM Member Countries.
July 17-18, 2017, Mexico, Workshop on Passport Integrity.
July 12, 2017, San José, Meeting with Observer Organizations of the RCM.
July 6-7, 2017, Mexico, Fourth Meeting of the Ad-Hoc Group on Extra-regional Migrants.
June 29, 2017, Berlin, Work Meeting of the RCM and the SACM to develop Bi-regional Inputs concerning the Global Compact for Safe, Regular and Orderly Migration (GCM) and Follow Up on the Efforts Relating to Extra-Regional Migrants.
June 20-22, 2017, El Salvador, Meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration.
June 19-20, 2017, San Salvador, Workshop “Child's Best Interest and Sexual Gender-Based Violence case management in migration and refugee contexts:“ Protecting Girls in the RCM Member Countries ””.
June 8, 2017, Panama, Meeting of the Ad-Hoc Group for the elaboration of bi-regional inputs for the Global Compact.
April 4, 2017, Washington DC, Regional Event to formalize the adoption of the campaing #DeadlyBusiness.
March 30, 2017, Washington DC, Meeting of the Troikas of the Regional Conference on Migration and the South American Conference on Migration to develop a common position towards the negotiations of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
March 29, 2017, Washington DC, Meeting of the Regional Conference on Migration to define guidelines for a regional position towards the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
March 16-17, 2017, Honduras, First Meeting Liaison Officer Network for the protection of Migrant Boys, Girls and Adolescents.
February 20, 2017, Virtual Workshop for dialogue and consultation on best practices in systems / platforms for registration of consular actions and cases of consular protection for their nationals abroad.
February 1-2, 2017, Costa Rica, Regional Training Workshop: Protecting Nationals Abroad Affected by Crisis.
November 15-18, 2016, Honduras, XXI Regional Conference on Migration.
November 9-12, 2015, Mexico, XX Regional Conference on Migration.
July 14-16, 2015, Mexico, Seminar-Workshop “Closing the gaps: Regional Seminar on Strategies to promote the Integration and the Reinsertion of Migrant People” and Dialogue of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration (RCGM).
June 24-27, 2014, - XIX Meeting, Managua, Nicaragua (Special Declaration ( EN ,ES ), Declaration ( EN , ES ), IOM Director General's Remarks ).
June 24-25, 2014, Managua, Nicaragua, Meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration .
November, 2013, San José, Costa Rica, Regional Consultation Group on Migration (RCGM).
September 17-18, 2013, Costa Rica, Regional Workshop on Policies, Practices and Conclusions for the Return, Reintegration and Integration of Migrants.
June 25-28, 2013, San José, Costa Rica, XVIII Regional Conference on Migration (first regular meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration, RCGM, and Vice-ministerial meeting).
November 19-23, 2012, RGCM Meeting .
June 18-22, 2012, Panama, XVII Regional Conference on Migration RCM Meeting (first regular meeting of the Regional Consultation Group on Migration, RCGM and Vice-ministerial meeting) .

 

Documents
The RCM develops documents such as Declarations, Guidelines, Mechanisms, Protocols, Proceedings, Indicators, etc. Major RCM documents are listed below, more documents are available on RCM website ( http://portal.rcmvs.org )

Declarations

Joint Communique

  • 2002 Antigua [ EN | ES ]
  • 2001 San Jose [ EN | ES ]
  • 2000 Washington [ EN | ES ]
  • 1999 San Salvador [ EN | ES ]
  • 1998 Ottawa [ EN | ES ]
  • 1997 Panama [ EN | ES ]
  • 1996 Regional Conference on Migration [ EN | ES ]

Publications