The provision of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services has become a constant feature in IOM operations worldwide. The portfolio of programmes and geographical reach has steadily increased during the last 10 years. In 2017, IOM became the fifth largest WASH agency, according to OCHA's Financial Tracking Service (FTS), from the twenty-third largest in 2008.
Throughout 2017, IOM migration crisis operations assisted over 29.7 million beneficiaries globally. The information captured in this document was consolidated from a data collection exercise, carried out in January 2018 and is wholly based on the responses obtained from each Country Office. Country Offices were contacted to complete a survey covering activities in Camp Coordination, HQ level deployment, Shelter, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Camp Management operations and capacity building, sectoral coordination, DTM, Protection, Disaster Risk Reduction, Transition and Peace Building, Community Stabilization, Durable Solutions, and Cash Based Interventions (CBI).
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has played a major role in humanitarian shelter operations for many decades. IOM’s unique position as an intergovernmental organization allows it to work at scale in both natural disasters and conflict/complex contexts. IOM works in both operations and coordination, and plays a strong role working with partners in support of national authorities. IOM’s overall objectives in shelter and settlements are 1) to focus on quality and scale of operations, 2) to be people-centred and context-driven, 3) to continue supporting interagency shelter coordination, 4) to support sectoral learning and identification of best practices and 5) to maintain a long term view in its responses.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) commits to the provision of effective and dignified assistance to people in need, using the best methods available. To this end, IOM will continue to improve its Cash-Based Interventions (CBI) and scale up where assessments indicate that they are possible and will meet needs.
In late 2016, after almost three years of protracted conflict in South Sudan, the Shelter/NFI Cluster started to explore opportunities to implement more sustainable and cost-efficient approaches to respond to the needs of the displaced South Sudanese in the Protection of Civilian (PoC) Sites. The overarching objective was to gradually move away from top-down in-kind distributions to resilience-based approaches led and owned by the affected population in, still, an emergency setting. The book showcases two interventions IOM South Sudan implemented in Wau and Bentiu PoC through a market-based interventions.
The project aimed to provide scientifically tested guidance on low-cost shelter solutions that are flood resistant, compatible with vernacular architecture and indigenous construction techniques, and minimize environmental impacts while delivering the best value for money. During this study, key variables related to resilience, sustainability and local acceptability of different materials were put to test using simulated flood-water and rainwater testing tanks. The findings of this research have been used to produce a Construction Guide, which can be adapted into a training manual that can be used by operational agencies and highlights best practice in the planning, design and implementation of flood resilient shelter design in Southern Pakistan.
The guide presents a series of design principles, a user friendly design decision tool, and a library of recommended designs. All content is based on scientific evidence, physical testing, surveys, and expert analysis. The guide is intended to support improved decision making in the design of shelters and shelter programs in an effort to enhance flood resilience. The guide also provides construction tips and notes.
The Sealing-off Kit (SOK) is a package that includes essential items to seal and upgrade short-term shelters, such as abandoned/unfinished buildings, collective shelters,and damaged houses. The SOK includes items such as construction materials, tools, fixings, and personal safety equipments. The SOK is designed to provide:
1. protection from the weather conditions;
2. improved privacy and dignity;
3. health, security and safety measures.
Papua New Guinea is exposed to a range of natural hazards - cyclones, floods, landslides, droughts, frost, earthquakes, tsunamis, king tides, volcanoes and seasonal fires. Climate change is expected to further exacerbate the risk of natural hazards by increasing the frequency and severity of extreme weather events.