strategic vision

Type: Regional consultative process on migration (region covered: South America) 

Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: None

Established: 2000


The South American Conference on Migration (SACM) or Lima Process aims to provide a platform for consultations for South American countries in the primary areas of development; diasporas; rights of migrants; integration; information exchange; migration statistics; climate change; counter-trafficking and counter-smuggling. 

Its current priorities are:

  • Ensuring respect for the human rights of migrants regardless of their status; 
  • Promotion of discourse on migration in relation to development;
  • Strengthening of dialogue and political coordination among States;
  • Highlighting the significance of migrants' contributions to the welfare and cultural enrichment of societies in countries of origin; and
  • Promoting the participation of representatives from civil society.

Current Thematic Focus

  • Migration and development
  • Diasporas
  • Migrant rights
  • Migrant integration
  • Migration data and statistics
  • Combatting human trafficking
  • Counter migrant smuggling

Chairing country

Current Chair: Chile
Past Chairs: Argentina (2021), Peru (2019-2020), Bolivia (2018-2019), Uruguay (2017-2018), Paraguay, Chile, Peru 


  • Technical Secretariat (IOM provides technical cooperation and administrative support)

Member States (12 States)

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Guyana
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Observer States (1 State)

  • Mexico

Observer Organizations (10 organizations)

Observer ISCMs (1 ISCM)

Representatives of groups affiliated with the Catholic Church and groups defending human rights may also be invited on an ad hoc basis.  

  • September 17, 2020, Virtual Event,  XIV Intersessional meeting 
  • November 22-23, 2018, Sucre, Cochabamba, Bolivia, XVIII South American Conference on Migration “South American Citizenship: a new culture of free human mobility towards Universal Citizenship”
  • October 4-5, 2018, Montevideo, Uruguay, XIII Intersessional meeting
  • May 9, 2018, Montevideo, Uruguay, I Plenary Meeting of the RCM and the SACM
  • 14-16 November 2017, Montevideo, Uruguay, XVII SACM meeting
  • 27-28 September 2017, Lima, Peru, XII Intersessional meeting
  • 3-4 November 2016, Asunción, Paraguay, XVI SACM meeting
  • 23-24 August 2016, Montevideo, Uruguay, XI Intersessional meeting
  • 8–10 September 2015, Santiago, Chile, XV SACM meeting
  • 4-5 August 2015, Asunción, Paraguay, X Intersessional meeting
  • 16-17 October 2014, Lima, Peru, XIV SACM
  • 19-20 August 2014, Brasilia, Brazil, IX Intersessional meeting
  • 3-5 December 2013, Cartagena, Colombia, XIII SACM meeting
  • 27-28 August 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, VIII Intersessional Meeting
  • eclaración de Lima sobre el Pacto Mundial para una Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular 2017
  • Declaración de Buenos Aires 2013 ( ES )
  • Declaration of Migration Principles and Overall guidelines 2011 ( EN | ES | PT )
  • Plan Sudamericano de Desarrollo Humano de las Migraciones PSDHM 2010 ( ES )
  • South American Conference on Migration 2000 - 2015
  • For additional SACM and SACM-related documents (in English, Spanish and Portuguese), please visit the SACM Document Library.

Contact Information

Alba Goycoechea
Technical Secretariat Coordinator (SACM)
IOM Regional Office for South America
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel: +5411 5219-2033