Brief description of the CCCM context in Timor-Leste

Each year Timor-Leste experiences floods, landslides and erosion resulting from a combination of heavy monsoonal rain, steep topography and widespread deforestation. In the decade since Timor-Leste gained independence, a total of 487 humanitarian crises have been recorded, of which 14 were conflict-related and 473 induced by natural disasters.

The 2006 crisis in Timor-Leste saw almost 15 per cent of the population forced to leave their homes, a situation which threatened to sink the country into protracted instability and violence. Initial government and humanitarian responses to the displacement crisis focused entirely on humanitarian aid targeting IDPs in camps. Rampant food insecurity among both IDPs and non-IDPs, together with widespread poverty and free food distribution in camps, rendered living in a camp economically attractive. Multiple factors impeding return and resettlement included general political instability; fear and insecurity; lack of confidence in law enforcement agencies’ ability to protect upon return; outstanding land and property issues; and lack of viable options for support in repairing or reconstructing damaged or destroyed houses. Many also feared that voluntarily returning home would mean exclusion from assistance forthcoming at a later stage.


During the crisis, IOM provided camp management services to all camps in Timor-Leste. As CCCM Cluster Lead, IOM as-sisted the government and humanitarian community in developing and implementing the National Exit Strategy.

Latest achievements

  • Refurbished the Dili Temporary Collective Centre with AusAID funding, completed in November 2011 and handed over to the government in December 2011.
  • Produced guidelines for collective centre setup and ma-nagement, available at: http://gvadoe01.eu.iom.net/doeportal/node/76.
  • Finalised the CCCM/Emergency Shelter Contingency Plan for 2012 and contributed much of its content to the more extensive Inter-Agency Contingency Plan (IACP), approved in July 2012.

Areas in need of global cluster support

Sharing of updated documents, standards and Transforma-tive Agenda information.

Plans for 2012 to 2013

  • Continued engagement in Disaster Risk Reduction activi-ties throughout the country.
  • Simulation exercises in selected districts.