Transition and Recovery Division


The effects of natural hazard and conflict-induced crises have grown in scale and scope globally in recent years. International efforts have increasingly turned to preventative measures, and solutions, as well as immediate engagement as crises arise while simultaneously maintaining longer-term commitments in existing, and growing numbers of, protracted crisis situations. IOM recognizes that well-managed migration contributes to safeguarding individual agency in making life-saving decisions amidst humanitarian crises and contributes to longer-term development.

As part of its global mandate on mobility and migration, IOM has developed institutional capacity in transition and recovery programming that uses development-principled approaches to comprehensively address root causes driving forced and irregular displacement. The Organization’s development-principled programming in crisis, protracted and fragile contexts rests on three primary pillars informing its longer-term trajectory planning and programming:

  1. To foster local and national ownership;
  2. To provide transitional solutions to reduce longer-term socio-economic, political and environmental impacts that contribute to forced and irregular migration and which inhibit return and reintegration;
  3. To build resilience.

Recognizing that preventing and addressing the root causes of forced migration is as pressing as immediate humanitarian support in resolving the negative effects of crises, IOM’s locally-driven and contextualized portfolio of longer-term development-principled activities often begin in parallel to humanitarian efforts to assist displaced populations. In this way, IOM seeks to empower affected populations to take ownership of efforts to address the conditions of their displacement, thereby restoring a populations’ agency to make informed mobility decisions, and reducing their vulnerability. The transition and recovery portfolio includes four work streams:  

  1. Stabilization and Resilience;
  2. Durable Solutions and Recovery;
  3. Transition and Peacebuilding;
  4. Disaster Risk Reduction and Environmental Degradation.