Migration in Africa involves large numbers of migrants moving both within and from the region. In 2019, over 21 million Africans were living in another African country, a significant increase from 2015, when around 18.5 million Africans were estimated to be living within the region. The number of Africans living in different regions also grew during the same period, from around 17 million in 2015 to nearly 19 million in 2019.

Middle East

In the Middle East, the increase in labour migration to Gulf Cooperation Coucil (GCC)  States has created tremendous demographic change. In 2019, migrants made up the majority of the population in half of the GCC countries – comprising 88 per cent of the population in the United Arab Emirates, around 79 per cent in Qatar and 72 per cent in Kuwait. Labour migrants in GCC countries primarily originate from Asia and Africa.


Regional Offices

East Africa and the Horn of Africa

IOM Regional Office for East and Horn of Africa
Sri Aurobindo Avenue, Off Mzima Spring Road
Lavington, Nairobi

Office Contacts: +254 709 889 000,  +254 20 422 1000
Media Contacts:  +254 797 735 977,  +254 793 469 296

West and Central Africa

IOM Regional Office for West and Central Africa
Route des Almadies
Zone 3, BP 16 838 Dakar

Tel: +221 3 386 96 20 0

Southern Africa

IOM Regional Office for Southern Africa
Walker Creek Office Park, Building Number 4
90 Florence Ribeiro Avenue, Nieuw Muckleneuk
Groenkloof, Pretoria
South Africa

Tel: +27 12 342 14 97

Middle East and North Africa

IOM Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa
47 C Abu-Elfeda Street, Cairo

Tel: +202 2736 51 40