Reducing Community Violence in CAR
January 2016 – July 2017
Donor: UN Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) / Peacebuilding Fund (PBF)
The Community Violence Reduction (CVR) project has the overall objective of improving security at the local level. It has been developed to provide programs to members of armed groups not eligible for the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) program, as well as to members of the community who are, or are particularly vulnerable to violence. The CVR program has two operational pillars:
- Economic reintegration of members of armed groups
- Social reintegration of members of armed groups, including a conflict prevention program for target communities
The project is currently being implemented in Paoua. Economic reintegration includes Work for Cash for 7,000 beneficiaries (including 4,700 members of armed groups) who are rehabilitating a total of 30 community infrastructures and 50 km of road. Some 600 beneficiaries undergoing on-the-job professional training are supported in the development of an income-generating activity and then supervised. For social reintegration, beneficiaries participate in intensive training in civic education and the promotion of peaceful coexistence. Ten local committees are also trained in mediation. Finally, campaigns to raise awareness of the dangers of illegal arms trafficking are organized and support local authorities' initiatives for the voluntary surrender of weapons.
Strengthening Intercommunity Dialogue and Nonviolent Conflict Resolution in Ouham Pende, CAR
March 2017 – September 2017
Donor: Office of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, US Department of State
The objective of this project is to strengthen the capacities of communities in preventing and reducing inter-community conflicts. To this end, the ten committees established within the framework of the CVR project, as well as traditional and religious leaders, administrative authorities of the prefecture and sub-prefectures, local NGOs and the media are trained on the topics of peaceful coexistence, conflict analysis, mediation and non-violent communication.
Strengthening National Response and Awareness Capacities to Combat Human Trafficking and Other Forms of Exploitation in CAR
March 2017 - December 2017
Donor: Federal Republic of Germany
This project aims to support the Government of the Central African Republic in strengthening national response capacities and awareness to combat human trafficking and other forms of exploitation in the Central African Republic and beyond its borders. The specific objectives of the project are:
- Promote and strengthen community-based mechanisms for the prevention of trafficking among at-risk populations (communities prone to high-intensity violence) through awareness-raising and social cohesion activities.
- Strengthen the institutional framework for trafficking in persons in CAR and the capacities of national actors (civil society and government social workers) in the areas of prevention, assistance and registration of victims of trafficking, especially outside the capital.
- Strengthen the capacity of law enforcement authorities (police and justice) through technical training and advice on the current legal framework focusing on risk areas.
- Increase direct individualized assistance to victims of trafficking and at-risk populations such as unaccompanied children, including an emergency social reintegration plan.
- Conduct an in-depth sociological analysis of the determinants of trafficking in the CAR in order to better combat its deep roots.
Emergency Humanitarian Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Returnees and Host Communities
August 2016 – July 2017
Donor: Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
The project provides humanitarian assistance to IDPs, returnees and persons with special needs affected by the conflict in Kaga Bandoro, Boda, Paoua, Ndélé, Kabo, Moyenne Sido, Bambari, Bouar and Bangui. IOM and its partners have initiated travel monitoring activities in these localities to understand population movements and trends and to better respond to their needs. IOM, as co-leader of the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) / Non Food Items (NFI) / Shelter cluster, continues to strengthen the capacities of its partners and local actors for the management and coordination of shelters as well as for the monitoring of travel (data collection), analysis and report writing. The project has four components:
- Facilitation of sites / Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): Identification of humanitarian needs, gaps and humanitarian responses required for IDPs through the Travel Monitoring and Site Facilitation Matrix.
- Provision of vital humanitarian assistance of last resort to displaced communities: The victims of the conflict receive non-food items, emergency shelters and installation kits that meet their immediate needs. This component targets individuals who have lost their homes / shelters and effects due to conflict or natural disaster.
- Protection and livelihood assistance to relocated and blocked IDPs: This component aims to enhance the capacity of vulnerable IDPs and other conflict-affected persons to enhance their resilience by providing access to reliable information on the protection needs of displaced persons in order to promote more targeted humanitarian and protection interventions. These activities are complemented by the provision of direct assistance to initiate income-generating activities and transport assistance for blocked IDPs.
- Strengthening the absorptive capacities of host communities through the rehabilitation of small-scale community infrastructure combined with Cash-for-Work activities involving returnees, IDPs and local residents: This aims to strengthen infrastructure and to provide immediate assistance to promote peaceful coexistence between displaced persons and host communities while enhancing the community's absorptive capacity.
Main text: July 2017
Facts and figures: August 2014