<strong>Valdis</strong>
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244 kms from home
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<strong>Valdis</strong>
Valdis
244 kms from home
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<strong>Valdis</strong>
Valdis
193 kms from home
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<strong>Diana </strong>
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IOM IN YOUR COUNTRY

Overview

After joining the European Union in 2004 Latvia has experienced a considerable wave of labour migration to more prosperous countries, especially the United Kingdom and Ireland. It has been estimated that approximately 200,000 Latvians have emigrated in search for work and more are considering leaving, because unemployment has reached almost 20 per cent and is among the highest in the EU. At the same time, there are new immigrants coming to Latvia, mostly from the former Soviet Republics, as well as some transit flow of irregular migrants whose aim is get to Scandinavia or Western Europe. It can be expected that immigration will increase as soon as the country’s economy will need additional labour. Recently the Government of Latvia has completed the implementation of the EU Return directive, which will institutionalize the Assisted Voluntary Return System.

Movement, Emergency and Post-crisis Migration Management

Donors

  • European Return Fund (75%)
  • Government of Latvia (25%)

Since 2009, the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) system has been launched in Latvia. Under locally administrated funding of the European Return Fund, IOM has been doing research on AVRR activities in the EU, training government officials to learn from the best practices elsewhere. Since March 2009, almost 100 persons have been assisted to their return to over 20 various countries. The top three target countries of the returnees are Georgia, Moldova and Syria. Returnees in difficult situations also receive reintegration assistance in cooperation with IOM missions in Tbilisi, Chisinau, Dhaka and Accra.

Project

  • Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration of Rejected Asylum Seekers and Irregular Migrants from Latvia

Migration and Development

Donors

  • European Return Fund of Third Country Citizens (75%)
  • Government of Latvia (25%)

Approximately 2 per cent of the country’s population is recently arrived third country citizens, most of them from Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus. Among these immigrants are many women married to Latvian residents. An IOM project helps them to integrate by teaching them the Latvian language, culture and traditions. It also trains them in additional professional courses to enable them to find employment.

Project

  • Towards Successful Integration of Third Country Citizens in Latvia

Last updated:
Main text: November 2011
Facts and figures: May 2014

CapitalRiga
Population (2015):2 million
Area:64,589 km sq
Languages :Latvian, Russian
Currency:Latvian Lats (LVL)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 23,337
HDI Rank (2014):46 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 790 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):0 migrant/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):13.4%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):61%
Population under 15 (2015):14.9%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):not available

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
L. Pils iela 21
Riga
LV-1167
Republic of Latvia

Tel: +371.750 36 26
Fax: +371.750 36 03
Email: imezs@iom.int
Website: http://www.iom.lv