According to the 2018 Trafficking in Persons report, the Solomon Islands is a source, transit, and destination country for local and Southeast Asian men and women subjected to forced labor and forced prostitution, and local children subjected to sex and labor trafficking. For example, fishermen from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and Fiji have reported situations indicative of labor trafficking, including non-payment of wages, severe living conditions, violence, and limited food supply on Taiwan-flagged fishing vessels in the Solomon Islands’ territorial waters and ports. In recent years, with support from international organizations like IOM, the Government of Solomon Islands has been making significant efforts to combat human trafficking, including through implementing the Solomon Islands National Action Plan Against Human Trafficking and People Smuggling. The Solomon Islands Immigration Division within the Ministry of Commerce, Industries, Labour and Immigration is the primary entity dealing with migration, and it includes officials dedicated to counter-trafficking and smuggling.
The Solomon Islands has been defined as a low-mobility country with emigrants accounting for 0.3 per cent of the population. However, there is increasing participation in seasonal work programmes and other labour mobility schemes which present an opportunity for sustainable development.