EU-South Caucasus Cluster Process

Informed Migration – An Integrated Approached to Promoting Legal Migration through National Capacity Building and Inter-Regional Dialogue between the South Caucasus and the EU (EU-South Caucasus Cluster Process)

Type: Inter-regional forum on migration (regions covered: Europe and South Caucasus)

Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: none

Established: 2001

Objectives 
The Cluster Process was an initiative to promote interregional cooperation between three countries of the South Caucasus and six countries in western Europe. It provided a platform for consultative meetings to discuss and coordinate activities to better manage legal migration and reduce irregular migration.

The first phase of this initiative began in 2001 and had the following objectives:

  • To establish effective interregional practices and policies to prevent irregular migration;
  • To facilitate readmission agreements;
  • To enable improved reintegration.

In the second phase of the Cluster Process, the discussions shifted to also include the promotion of legal migration, including labour migration in countries of origin, transit countries and receiving countries. The initiative became part of an EU-funded programme, titled “Informed Migration – An Integrated Approached to Promoting Legal Migration through National Capacity Building and Inter-Regional Dialogue between the South Caucasus and the EU”.

The EU-South Caucasus Cluster Process was able to enhance cooperation between South Caucasus countries and their European counterparts. It furthermore led to improvements in return and reintegration, combating irregular migration and promoting legal migration in its respective regions. The initiative was discontinued in 2008.

Thematic Focus

  • Return, readmission and reintegration
  • Irregular migration
  • Partnership and cooperation on migration
  • Labour migration

Members
Member States [9 Member States]
Countries of origin in the South Caucasus [3 countries]

Armenia
Azerbaijan
Georgia

Countries of destination in Western Europe [6 countries]

Belgium
Denmark
Germany
Netherlands, The
Sweden
Switzerland

Member Organizations [1 organization]
International Organization for Migration

Country Teams
In the second phase of the dialogue, several country teams have been established to increase inter-state cooperation. These comprise of:

  • Sweden and Armenia
  • Czechia, Germany and Georgia
  • Azerbaijan and Switzerland

The enhanced engagement between Member States through the country teams resulted in two assessments of migration management in Georgia and Armenia.

Meetings
May 2008, Nuremberg, Germany, Cluster Dialogue among the South Caucasus and the EU
March 14-15, 2007, Tbilisi, Georgia, Cluster Dialogue among the South Caucasus and the EU
May 10-11, 2006, Brussels, Belgium, Cluster Dialogue among the South Caucasus and the EU
June 2002, Tbilisi, Georgia, Third Consultative Meeting of the Cluster Process
November 14-15, 2001, Tbilisi, Georgia, Second Consultative Meeting of the Cluster Process
February 2001, Tbilisi, Georgia, First Consultative Meeting of the Cluster Process

Documents
Review of Migration Management in the Republic of Armenia: Assessment Mission Report
The Return and Reintegration of Migrants in the South Caucasus: An Exploratory Study
Profile of Potential Labour Migrants: Analytical Report on a Sample Survey Conducted in Armenia