Global Initiatives Addressing Migration

Global initiatives addressing migration are NOT inter-State consultation mechanisms on migration. 
They are listed here under the section on migration policy dialogue and migration governance since they are element of migration governance and since the ISCMs are engaged in supporting the implementation of many of these initiatives. 

Migration governance is the combined frameworks of legal norms, laws and regulations, policies and traditions as well as organizational structures (subnational, national, regional and international) and the relevant processes that shape and regulate States’ approaches with regard to migration in all its forms, addressing rights and responsibilities and promoting international cooperation. (IOM, Glossary on Migration 2019, 3rd Edition)

While the international migration law refers to the international normative framework on international migration, i.e. binding legal instruments or the “hard law”, global initiatives addressing migration are the quasi-legal international instruments without legally binding force (“soft law”) that either address migration in all its dimensions or certain aspects of migration and their interrelations with other domains.

Global initiatives addressing migration are distinct from the global processes on migration.  Global processes on migration are inter-State consultation mechanisms on migration at the global-level; they are ongoing forums for informal and non-binding dialogue that address a broad range of issues in regular meetings.
In contrast the global initiatives usually pursue a very concrete aim and are usually underpinned by an outcome document with specific principles and objectives, that has been agreed to, and endorsed by States, often through a process of negotiation.  Global initiatives of migration can be developed through policy dialogue process on migration which is usually time bound leading as an outcome to the global initiative. 

The range of global initiatives reflects the ongoing and increasing importance of migration in the international policy agenda. While many initiatives were launched in response to other thematic concerns, such as development, the environment and humanitarian action, they reflect migration as an integral component of these concerns. Over time, and as migration became more and more prominent in the global policy agenda, it has become itself the primary theme of some of these initiatives. 

Below is a non-comprehensive listing of global initiatives addressing migration

I.    Global initiatives addressing all dimensions of migration

II.    Global initiatives addressing refugees

III.    Global initiatives addressing migration and development

IV.    Global initiatives addressing migration in crisis setting 

V.    Global initiatives addressing humanitarian action in support of migration: 

VI.    Global initiatives addressing migration and urbanization 

VII.    Global initiatives addressing environment, climate change and migration

VIII.    Global initiatives addressing labour migration