1,000 More Migrant Deaths in Mediterranean Compared to Same Period Last Year

Switzerland – IOM reports that an estimated 350 migrants are missing, presumed dead after at least six incidents in the Mediterranean in the past three days. This brings the already record number of migrant deaths in the Mediterranean in 2016 to an estimated 4,621. This means that 1,000 more deaths have been recorded this year than during the same period last year. In all of 2015, some 3,777 migrants died trying to cross the Mediterranean.

These six latest incidents (see below for further details) mean that IOM’s Missing Migrants Project has already recorded 546 migrant deaths in the Mediterranean this November, compared to 81 during the period 1-17 November 2015. This means that migrant deaths in November 2016 are over 6 times higher than the number of deaths recorded in November last year.

Date  # Dead # Missing # Survivors Route Survivors brought to Source
14.11.2016 5 1 114 Central Med Calabria
(arrives tomorrow)
SOS Mediterranée
14.11.2016   135 15 Central Med Catania IOM Italy
14.11.2016   3 122 Central Med Catania IOM Italy
15.11.2016 4 95 23 Central Med Calabria
(arrives tomorrow)
IOM Italy
16.11.2016 4   15 Eastern Med Kavala Hellenic Coast Guard
16.11.2016 7 96 27 Central Med unknown IOM Italy

The rescue operations were carried out by several ships – SOS Mediterranée’s Aquarius; Medecins Sans Frontières’ Bourbon Argos; the private Dutch-flagged rescue ship Iuventa and a commercial ship that transferred survivors to the Italian Coast Guard ship Diciotti.

These latest incidents all followed a similar pattern; due to poor weather and rough sea conditions, the rubber dinghies started taking in water and gradually sank, causing many migrants to drown.

“What is really of great concern about these shipwrecks is that the bad weather did not stop the human smugglers from forcing people onto these unsafe dinghies,” said Flavio Di Giacomo, spokesperson for the IOM Coordination Office for the Mediterranean in Rome.  

“From the first testimonies that we collected so far, it seems that the migrants were forced on board, even though they were clearly afraid of the rough seas. It was extremely dangerous in such bad weather. The rescues were also even more complicated under these conditions.”

Meanwhile 343,589 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 16 November, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy.

Some 170,679 people have arrived in Greece and 167,276 in Italy so far in 2016. The total is well below the number of arrivals at this point last year, when 728,926 migrants and refugees had made the journey by November 1.

According to the Italian Ministry of Interior, the 167,276 migrants who have arrived in Italy by sea this year represent an increase of over 16 percent compared to the same period last year.

“The total number of total arrivals in Italy this year is similar to those of the previous two years, but this autumn we have noticed an increase in departures from Libya. These latest shipwrecks are an indicator of the ruthlessness of these smugglers, who still organize these departures despite the weather, causing tragedies like the ones we are now witnessing,” said Di Giacomo.

Meanwhile IOM Greece reports that 126 migrant arrivals were registered on 14-15 November on the islands of Lesvos, Samos, Chios and Leros.

For the latest Mediterranean Update infographic.
For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit:
Learn more about the Missing Migrants Project at:

For further information please contact:
Flavio Di Giacomo at IOM Italy, Tel: +39 347 089 8996, Email: 
IOM Greece: Daniel Esdras, Tel: +30 210 9912174, Email: or Kelly Namia, Tel: +30 210 9919040, +30 210 9912174, Email: 
Julia Black at IOM GMDAC, Tel: +49 30 278 778 27, Email:
Mazen Aboulhosn at IOM Turkey, Tel: +9031245-51202, Email:
Joel Millman at IOM Geneva, Tel: +41 79 103 8720, Email:
IOM Libya: Othman Belbeisi, Tel: +216 29 600389, Email:  or Ashraf Hassan, Tel: +216297 94707, Email:

For information or interview requests in French:
Florence Kim, OIM Genève, Tel: +41 79 103 03 42, Email:
Flavio Di Giacomo, OIM Italie, Tel: +39 347 089 8996, Email: