Mediterranean Migrant Arrivals in 2016: 238,220; Deaths: 2,942

Italy - IOM reports an estimated 238,220 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 10 July, arriving mostly in Italy and Greece.

So far this year an estimated 2,942 deaths have been recorded, compared with 1,838 through the first six months of 2015, and 1,906 through 12 July last year. 

IOM Tunisia reported this week on a shipwreck of a Europe-bound trawler carrying 28 migrants – mainly young adults from Ben Guerdane region of Tunisia. It reportedly sank off the Libyan coast near the city of Sabratha. Reports of bodies recovered and migrants still missing are as yet inconclusive.

Meanwhile, IOM Greece reports there have been no drownings on the Eastern Mediterranean route between Turkey and Greece since March.

However, three migrants died in Greece during June. Two refugee boys from Iraq, aged 12 and 14, were found dead in a municipal water tank in a rural area near Pieria, northern Greece.

A 32-year-old Egyptian man also died at the Souda accommodation site on Chios island. He was stabbed for unknown reasons while attempting to separate two compatriots who were quarreling. A 31-year-old suspect was arrested.

IOM Rome spokesman Flavio Di Giacomo reports over 2,200 migrants have been rescued and brought to Italy since 6 July, noting that not all of them have been included in total arrivals to Italy for 2016. A further 561 arrivals were registered in Greece through the first 10 days of July. 

Most Italian rescue operations have occurred in the Channel of Sicily. Rescued migrants and refugees are usually brought to ports in Sicily (Catania, Augusta, Porto Empedocle, Pozzallo and Palermo), Lampedusa, Calabria (Reggio Calabria, Crotone) and Apulia (Taranto).

With staff deployed at the main landing points in Sicily (including Lampedusa), Calabria and Apulia, IOM in Italy provides legal assistance to those arriving by sea, monitors reception conditions and supports the authorities in the identification of vulnerable groups.

In Greece, IOM has staff in Lesvos, Samos, Chios, Leros and Crete, where it works closely with the relevant authorities to identify vulnerable migrants, including unaccompanied minors, the elderly, people with medical needs and families with children. Vulnerable groups are referred to the relevant authorities to receive the necessary care.

Total Arrivals by Sea and Deaths in the Mediterranean 2015-2016

1 Jan – 10 July 2016

1 Jan – 30 June 2015

Country of Arrival







(Central Med. route)


(all Med. routes)



(Eastern Med. route)







(Western Med. and Western African routes)


Estimated Total





Data on deaths of migrants compiled by IOM GMDACAll numbers are minimum estimates. Arrival estimates based on data from respective governments and IOM field offices.
*as of 31 May.


For the latest Mediterranean Update infographic, please go to:

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit:

Learn more about Missing Migrants Project at:

For further information please contact:
Flavio Di Giacomo at IOM Italy, Tel: +39 347 089 8996, Email:
IOM Greece: Daniel Esdras, Tel: +30 210 9912174, Email: or Kelly Namia, Tel: +30 210 9919040, +30 210 9912174, Email:
Abby Dwommoh at IOM Turkey, Tel: +903124551202, Email:
Amr Taha at IOM Egypt. Tel: +202-27365140, Email:
Itayi Viriri at IOM Geneva, Tel: +, Email:
IOM Libya. Othman Belbeisi, Tel +216 29 600389, Email: or Ashraf Hassan, Tel: +21629794707, Email: