Mediterranean Migrant Arrivals Reach 251,557, Deaths at Sea Pass 3,034

Posted: 
07/29/16
Themes: 
Humanitarian Emergencies, Missing Migrants

Italy - IOM reports that 251,557 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2016 through 27 July, arriving mostly in Greece and Italy, where close to 20,000 new arrivals have entered during the month of July. 

According to IOM estimates, the latest discovery of 39 bodies washed up on Libyan shores this week brings the number of casualties to over 3,034 among migrants and refugees who have attempted to cross the Mediterranean to reach Europe in 2016. This year’s total so far is significantly higher compared to last year. At the end of July 2015, some 1,917 people had lost their lives at sea.

Total arrivals by sea and deaths in the Mediterranean 2015-2016

 

1 Jan – 27 July 2016

1 Jan – 30 July 2015

 Country of Arrival

Arrivals

Deaths

Arrivals

Deaths

Italy

89,062*

2,606 (Central Med. route)

93,540

1,970 (all Med routes)

Greece

159,991

383
(Eastern Med. route)

126,514

Cyprus

28

na

Spain

2,476**

45
(Western Med and Western African routes)

na

Estimated Total

251,557

3,034

220,054

1,970

Data on deaths of migrants compiled by GMDAC.  All numbers are minimum estimates.

Arrivals based on data from respective governments and IOM field offices.

* Official figure provided by Italian MINISTRY OF INTERIOR

**as of 30 June

 

As we mark the World Day Against Trafficking in Persons tomorrow (30 July), IOM Rome also notes the sharp increase in the number of Nigerian women arriving in Italy in 2015 and 2016.

According to the Italian Ministry of Interior, in the first six months of 2016, there have been 3,529 arrivals of Nigerian women, compared to 1,491 in the same period last year. In total in 2015, 5,633 Nigerian women reached Italy by sea and in 2014, there were 1,454 arrivals.

IOM estimates that 80 percent of the Nigerian girls are victims of trafficking. “Many of them come from the Edo region, where they are lured into enslavement and subjected to voodoo rituals to brainwash them into accepting their fate. They believe that any attempt to escape or rebel against their traffickers will cause harm to them and their families,” said IOM Rome spokesperson Flavio Di Giacomo.

IOM’s counter trafficking work in Italy starts at the disembarkation points with information and legal counselling. Women – in groups or individually – are told about Italian legal protection for victims of trafficking.

  Arrivals by sea to Italy
January - June 2015/2016
(source: Italian MoI)

 

2016

2015

January

5,273

3,528

February

3,828

4,354

March

9,676

2,283

April

9,149

16,056

May

19,925

21,231

June

22,371

22,877

TOTAL

70,222

70,329

Di Giacomo also reported that only 189 Syrians have arrived in Italy this year from Africa, compared with 4,273 through the first six months of 2015.

Meanwhile IOM Athens spokesperson Kelly Namia reported on Friday that a total of 1,732 irregular migrants have reached Greece by sea so far this month, with a total of 160,109 arriving since the beginning of this year.

She reported the death of one migrant, a Syrian woman in her late twenties, who was found in a temporary camp near Thessaloniki. This is one of several recent migrant deaths in Greece not related to a dangerous sea voyage from Turkey.

According to data provided by IOM Athens, 78,779 Syrians arrived in Greece through the end of June this year, compared with 475,902 during all of 2015.

ARrivals by sea to GREECE - MAIN NATIONALITIES
1 JAnuary – 30 June 2016

Main Countries of Origin

Total

Syria

78,779

Afghanistan

40,878

Iraq

25,607

Pakistan

8,511

Iran

5,171

Total: All Countries of Origin

155,809

  Arrivals by sea to GREECE - MAIN NATIONALITIES
JAnuary- December 2015

Main Countries of Origin

Total

Syria

475,902

Afghanistan

205,858

Iraq

86,989

Pakistan

23,260

Iran

22,276

Total: All Countries of Origin

853,650

Data on deaths of migrants compiled by Missing Migrants ProjectAll numbers are minimum estimates. Arrival estimates based on data from respective governments and IOM field offices.
* Official figures provided by Italian Ministry of Interior
**As of 31 May

For the latest Mediterranean Update infographic, please go to:
https://missingmigrants.iom.int/sites/default/files/Mediterranean_Update_29_July_2016.pdf

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe

Learn more about Missing Migrants Project at: http://missingmigrants.iom.int

For further information please contact:
Flavio Di Giacomo at IOM Italy, Tel: +39 347 089 8996, Email: fdigiacomo@iom.int
IOM Greece: Daniel Esdras, Tel: +30 210 9912174, Email:  iomathens@iom.int or Kelly Namia, Tel: +30 210 9919040, +30 210 9912174, Email: knamia@iom.int
Abby Dwommoh at IOM Turkey, Tel: +903124551202, Email: adwommoh@iom.int
Amr Taha at IOM Egypt. Tel: +202-27365140, Email: iomegypt@iom.int
Itayi Viriri at IOM Geneva, Tel: +41.79.285.4366, Email: iviriri@iom.int
IOM Libya. Othman Belbeisi, Tel +216 29 600389, Email: obelbeisi@iom.int or Ashraf Hassan, Tel: +216297 94707, Email: ashassan@iom.int