Type: Inter-regional forum on migration (Regions covered: Europe - Africa)

Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: Union for the Mediterranean and Western Mediterranean Forum

Established: 2002


The Western Mediterranean Forum or 5+5 Dialogue was officially launched in Rome in 1990 as an informal sub-regional forum of like-minded countries, geographically situated on the western rim of the Euro-Mediterranean littoral. The Western Mediterranean Forum includes parliamentary reunions (Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean) and sectoral reunions, with one of the most notable being the 5 + 5 Dialogue on Migration in the Western Mediterranean. 

The 5+5 Dialogue on Migration in the Western Mediterranean has a forward-looking agenda on information exchange, joint management of international borders, agreed forms of labor migration, migration for development, and protection of the rights of migrants.

Current Thematic Focus

  • Combatting human trafficking
  • Irregular migration
  • Labor migration: vocational training, diasporas
  • Migrant integration
  • Migrants' rights and obligations
  • Migration and development
  • Migration and gender
  • Migration and health
  • Data migration
  • Partnership and cooperation on migration
  • Public awareness on migration
  • Regular migration
  • Transit migration

Chairing Country

  • Current Chair: Tunisia and Spain

  • Past Chairs: Morocco, Mauritania, Portugal, Italy"


No official secretariat. The Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean facilitates the regional cooperation projects identified within the framework of the Western Mediterranean Forum. In the past, IOM has provided technical and logistical support upon request.


10 Member States

  • Algeria
  • France
  • Italy
  • Libya
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Tunisia

3 Observer Organizations 

Related links
Contact information

No dedicated website