strategic vision

Type: Inter-regional forum on migration (regions covered: Europe - Asia - Americas –Africa)

Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: None

Established: 2002


Initiated at the Regional Ministerial Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime held in Bali, Indonesia, the Bali Process aims to address practical issues related to smuggling, trafficking and related transnational crime. The objectives for Bali Process include:

  • The development of more effective information and intelligence sharing;
  • Improved cooperation among regional law enforcement agencies to deter and combat people smuggling and trafficking networks;
  • Increased public awareness in order to discourage these activities and warn those susceptible;
  • The enactment of national legislation to criminalize people smuggling and trafficking in persons;
  • Provision of appropriate protection and assistance to the victims of trafficking, particularly women and children; and
  • Assisting countries to adopt best practices in asylum management.  


    Current Thematic Focus

    Bali Process Government and Business Forum
    Launched in 2017, this initiative engages the private sector to combat human trafficking, forced labor and related exploitation.

    Since the Sixth Ministerial Conference in March 2016, the Bali Process has stepped up its engagement to work towards realizing the objectives of the 2016 Ministerial Declaration . The Second Forum was held on 6-7 August 2018, alongside the Seventh Ministerial Conference in Nusa Dua, Bali. Over 350 participants from 52 countries and a range of businesses attended the event. In a significant milestone for the Indo-Pacific region, the Acknowledge, Act, Advance Recommendations were endorsed by governments and businesses to advance long-term efforts to improve supply chain transparency, the treatment of workers, ethical recruitment and victim support. 

    IOM Australia Country Office with Coordinating Functions for the Pacific provides technical secretariat functions for the Bali Process. 

    The Regional Support Office of the Bali Process (RSO) was established in 2012 to facilitate the operationalization of the Regional Cooperation Framework or RCF (an inclusive and non-binding initiative of the Bali Process) to reduce irregular migration in the Asia and Pacific region.
    The RSO aims to support and strengthen practical cooperation on refugee protection and international migration, including human trafficking and smuggling, and other components of migration management in the region. The RSO is the regional focal point for coordination, engagement, capacity building, and sharing best practice for countering people smuggling, trafficking in persons and related transnational crime.The RSO operates under the oversight and direction of the Indonesian and Australian Bali Process Co-Chairs, and in consultation with UNHCR and IOM.


    Member States (45 States) 

    • Australia
    • Bangladesh
    • Bhutan
    • Brunei Darussalam
    • Cambodia
    • China
    • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
    • Fiji
    • France
    • Hong Kong (SAR of China)
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    • Iraq
    • Japan
    • Jordan
    • Kiribati
    • Lao People's Democratic Republic
    • Macau (SAR of China)
    • Malaysia
    • Mongolia
    • Myanmar
    • Maldives
    • Nauru
    • Nepal
    • New Zealand
    • Pakistan
    • Palau
    • Papua New Guinea
    • Philippines
    • Republic of Korea
    • Samoa
    • Singapore
    • Solomon Islands
    • Sri Lanka
    • Syrian Arab Republic
    • Thailand
    • Timor-Leste
    • Tonga
    • Turkey
    • United Arab Emirates
    • United States of America
    • Vanuatu
    • Viet nam

    Note: Founding Members: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Fiji, France, India, Iran, Japan, Jordan, Kiribati, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru , Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu and Viet Nam.

    Member Organizations (4 Organizations)

    Chairing Country
    • Bali Process has permanent co-chairs: Australia and Indonesia

    Observer States (17 States)

    • Austria
    • Belgium
    • Canada    
    • Denmark
    • Finland
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • The Netherlands
    • Norway
    • Poland
    • Romania
    • Russian Federation
    • South Africa
    • Spain
    • Sweden
    • Switzerland
    • United Kingdom

    Observer Organizations (9 Organizations)

    Observer ISCMs  (1 ISCM)

    Steering Group
    • Australia
    • Indonesia
    • New Zealand
    • Thailand
    • IOM
    • UNHCR
    Ad Hoc Group

    The Ad Hoc Group (AHG) mechanism was established in 2009 to comprehensively address situations on a case-by-case basis upon the request of most-affected countries, and to report developments to the wider membership of the Bali Process as appropriate .

    Ad Hoc Group Members include 15 Bali Process Member States and 3 Member organizations:

    • Afghanistan
    • Australia
    • Bangladesh
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Malaysia
    • Maldives
    • Myanmar
    • New Zealand
    • Pakistan
    • Philippines
    • Sri Lanka
    • Thailand
    • UAE 
    • USA
    • Viet Nam
    • IOM
    • UNHCR
    • UNODC

    The following operate under the Ad Hoc Group:

    • Ad Hoc Group Technical Experts Working Group on Irregular Movements
    • Bali Process Working Group on Trafficking in Persons
    • Bali Process Working Group on the Disruption of People Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons Networks
    • Bali Process Task Force on Planning and Preparedness
    • Regional Immigration Liaison Officer Network (RILON)
      Contact information


      Australian Co-Chair
      Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
      RG Casey Building
      John McEwan Crescent
      Barton, ACT
      0221 Australia

      Indonesian Co-Chair
      Ministry of Foreign Affairs
      Jalan Pejambon 6
      DKI Jakarta

      Bali Process Regional Support Office
      Level 27, Rajanakarn Building
      183 South Sathorn Road, Sathorn
      Bangkok 10120, Thailand
      Tel: +66 (0) 2343 9477

      IOM Canberra
      4th Floor Bright Consulting Building
      161 London Circuit, Canberra, ACT 2608
      Tel .: +61 2 6267 6655
      Fax: +61 2 6257 3743