Central American Commission of Migration Directors (OCAM)

Type: Regional consultative process on migration (region: Americas)
 
Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: Central American Integration System (SICA)
 
Established: 1990
 
Objectives
The Central American Commission of Migration Directors (originally called the Central American Organization of Migration - OCAM) was instituted in San Jose, Costa Rica in 1990 following the request of the Central American presidents in the framework of the Central American Economic Action Plan (PAECA) of SICA. It is a regional mechanism that addresses migration issues in Central America and for the coordination of policies in three fundamental axes: migration, human rights, migration and development. The focus areas of OCAM are legislation, information systems, human rights, security, infrastructure, documentation, cooperation, labor, procedures and policies. 

The axes of OCAM projects are:

- Legislation: legal framework, agreements, manuals, glossaries of terms, national and international legislation, political mechanisms to achieve method stability, regularization of programs.
- Information Systems: technology platforms, software and hardware, exchange of information, information collecting procedures, collection and analyzing of migration data, pre-screening, coordination of “invisible” migration structures and Advanced Passenger Information Systems (APIS).
- Human Rights: the fight against and prevention of migrant smuggling and human trafficking, safe repatriation and return, return, of regional and extra regional migrants, protection of victims.
- Safety: protection, surveillance, prevention, modernization of migration management, strengthening of borders, and integrated controls.
- Infrastructure: unification, technological improvements, modernization, sanitization of border zones.
- Travel Documents: Central American passports, entrance and return cards, vehicle documentation, card of residency, boarding cards, special passes for coast arrivals.
- Cooperation: projects, trainings, investigations, technical and financial assistance.
- Work: Labour migration
- Procedures: schedules, stays, revenue, integrated border controls, coordination of document requirements for migrants, collections of migration fees, procedures, documentation, instrument implementation and common procedures.
- Political: Commitment, declarations, agreements, regulations, approval of regional migratory acts.

Current Thematic Focus
·         Policies and management of migration (legislation, procedures and policies)
·         Human Rights
·         Migration and development
·         Information systems, security, infrastructure, documentation
·         Cooperation
·         Labour migration
 
Members
Member States (8 states)
Belize
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Nicaragua
Panama
Member organizations (1 organization)
Central American Integration System (SICA)
 
Chairing Country
Presidency pro tempore represents OCAMs Board of Directors, this post is assumed by each member country of OCAM for the duration of 1 year, on a rotating basis and by geographic order.
Current Chair: Honduras (?)
Past Chair: Guatemala
 
Observers
Observer organizations (1 organization)
National Institute of Migration, Mexico (INAMI)
 
Board of Directors
Composed by the Directors of Immigration Services of Central America as representatives of member countries:
Department of Immigration and Nationality Services, Belize
Commissioner of Migration, Guatemala
General Directorate of Migration, El Salvador
General Directorate of Migration, Honduras
General Directorate of Migration, Nicaragua
General Directorate of Migration, Costa Rica
National Service of Migration, Panama
 
Commissions
The Technical Permanent Commission: During its XVI ordinary meeting, OCAM created its Technical Permanent Commission (CTP) that has been shaped by the technical personnel of the Migration Directorates and Services of the region. Its objective is the development of actions linked with the analysis, activities and other technical aspects in the field of migration that require specific permanent actions between member countries.
The Technical Commission on Information Technology: During the XI special OCAM meeting the need for a Technical Commission on Information Technology (CTI) was addressed. It was decided that this Commission will be made up of the heads of information of Directorates of Migration of the region, or their representatives, CTI responsibilities include consultation on information technology, the completion of studies and above all the contribution to the Project on regional migratory management.
 
Secretariat
OCAM emerged from the Central American Integration System (SICA) and at its inception, the institution head of the Technical Secretariat was the Economic Integration Secretariat of Central America (SIECA).
Since January of 1999, IOM assumed the role as the Technical Secretariat of OCAM, in accordance with the General Secretariat of SICA, to support the regional migratory activities implemented by the Commission.
General Secretary for the Central American Integration System is in charge of ensuring that OCAM maintains a significant role in migratory issues in the Central American Integration System and guarantees its sustainability and political strength and that legal agreements are upheld.
 
Contact Information
IOM Regional Office for Central and North America and the Caribbean
Avenida Central entre calles 27 y 29, Casa 2775
San José, Costa Rica
Tel.:     +506 22 12 53 00
Fax:     +506 22 22 05 90
 
Webpage
 
Meetings
2018 February, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, XLVI (46th) Regular meeting of OCAM
2017, Guatemala, 45ª Reunión Ordinaria de la Comisión Centroamericana de Directores y Directoras de Migración (OCAM)
2016, Panama, XLII Special Routine OCAM Meeting
2013, Costa Rica, XX Special Meeting of OCAM.
2013, Honduras, XXXVII Routine OCAM Meeting
2013, Nicaragua, XXI Special Meeting of OCAM.
2012, Costa Rica, XXXVI Routine OCAM Meeting
2011, Nicaragua, XXXIV Routine OCAM Meeting
2011, El Salvador, XXXIII Routine OCAM Meeting
2011, El Salvador, XXXV Routine OCAM Meeting
2010, El Salvador, XXXI Routine OCAM Meeting
2010, Honduras, XXXII Routine OCAM Meeting
2010, El Salvador, XVIII Special Meeting of OCAM
2010, Guatemala, XIX Special Meeting of OCAM
2009, Guatemala, XXX Routine OCAM Meeting
2009, Costa Rica, XVII Special Meeting of OCAM
2008, Costa Rica, XXIX Routine OCAM Meeting
2007, Honduras, XV Special Meeting of OCAM
2007, United States of America, XVI Special Meeting of OCAM
2007, Belize, XXVII Routine OCAM Meeting
2007, Panama, XXVIII Routine OCAM Meeting
 
Documents
Deed of Agreement of the XV Special Meeting of OCAM, Honduras, 2007.
Deed of Agreement of the XVI Special Meeting of OCAM, United States, 2007.
Deed of Agreement of the XXVII Routine OCAM Meeting, Belize, 2007.
Deed of Agreement of the XXVIII Routine OCAM Meeting, Panama, 2007.
Deed of Agreement of the XXIX Routine OCAM Meeting, Costa Rica, 2008
Deed of Agreement of the XXX Routine OCAM Meeting, Guatemala, 2009.
Deed of Agreement of the XVII Special Meeting of OCAM, Costa Rica, 2009
Deed of Agreement of the XXXI Routine OCAM Meeting, El Salvador, 2010.
Deed of Agreement of the XVIII Special Meeting of OCAM, El Salvador, 2010.
Deed of Agreement of the XXXII Routine OCAM Meeting, Honduras, 2010.
Deed of Agreement of the XIX Special Meeting of OCAM, Guatemala, 2010.
Deed of Agreement of the XXXIII Routine OCAM Meeting, El Salvador, 2011.
Deed of Agreement of the XXXIV Routine OCAM Meeting, Nicaragua, 2011.
Deed of Agreement of the XXXV Routine OCAM Meeting, El Salvador, 2011.
Deed of Agreement of the XXXVI Routine OCAM Meeting, Costa Rica, 2012.
Deed of Agreement of the XX Special Meeting of OCAM, Costa Rica, 2013.
Deed of Agreement of the XXXVII Routine OCAM Meeting, Honduras, 2013.
Deed of Agreement of the XXI Special Meeting of OCAM, Nicaragua, 2013.