Type: Inter-regional forum on migration (regions covered: Africa -Europe)
The Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development (Rabat Process) brings together European and African countries from North, West and Central Africa, as well as the European Commission (EC) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), with a view to tackling questions arising from migration issues. The Rabat Process provides a framework for consultation and coordination; contributes to meeting the challenges posed by migration; and encourages opportunities for exchange and development.
Current Thematic Focus
There are currently four thematic pillars. Irregular migration, and migration & development were recognised as the two priority areas under the Rome declaration and action plan 2015-2017.
- Organising legal migration and mobility
- Improving border management and preventing and combating irregular migration
- Strengthening the synergies between migration and development
- Promoting international protection
The Network of Focal Points
Each national administration and organization involved in the Rabat Process is represented by a Focal Point. These contact points share their knowledge at the dialogue meetings or identify national experts to do so in order to always ensure their country's high quality technical inputs to these meetings. The network of focal points is the backbone of the Rabat Process and contributes significantly to the continuing success of the dialogue.
The Steering Committee is the strategic governing body of the Rabat Process. Its role is to stimulate cooperation between participating States, to prepare the political orientation of the dialogue and to follow up on the implementation of the ministerial declarations. It included five African countries (Burkina Faso, Equatorial Guinea, Mali, Morocco and Senegal) and five European countries (Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal and Spain), as well as the European Commission and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS ). The Steering Committee guides the dialogue according to its “Operating Modalities” and the priorities established at the different levels of dialogue.
A system of reference countries partners to volunteer to coordinate and undertake activities within a particular domain of the Marrakesh Action Plan , in collaboration with other reference countries. This system enables countries to take ownership of the Marrakesh Action Plan, promotes coordination between partner countries and strengthens the geographical balance and representation of all interests.
Current reference countries:
- Domain 1: Nigeria
- Domain 2: Cabo Verde and Portugal
- Domain 3: Switzerland
- Domain 4: Ivory Coast, Niger and Spain
- Domain 5: Cameroon and Togo
For more information, visit the Rabat Process website .
The Steering Committee is presided by its Chair who is also the Rabat Process Chair. The chair rotates periodically between the African and European members of the Steering Committee, which contributes to the dialogue's balanced governance. The purpose and duty of the chair is to contribute to the advancement of the dialogue, foster ownership and maintain the momentum created at dialogue meetings.
The Secretariat was established to facilitate the dialogue process and generally focuses on three areas:
- Support to the dialogue via the organization of meetings and the development of communication tools
- Coordination, knowledge management, sharing of good practices among the dialogue partners
- Additional activities aimed at building the capacities of partner countries to support the implementation of the objectives set in the dialogue strategic framework
The Secretariat is currently funded by the European Union and implemented by the International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) in the framework of the project “Support to Africa-EU Migration and Mobility Dialogue (MMD)”. The current cycle is the fifth phase of the Support Project and covers the period 2018-2020.
Member States [Rabat Process refers to these as “partner States”] (57 States, including 27 African countries and 31 European countries)
- Burkina Faso
- Central African Republic
- Czech Republic
- São Tomé and Príncipe
- Sierra Leone
- United Kingdom
* Since the Rabat Process Ministerial Conference, held in November 2014, Egypt and Libya are no longer members of the Rabat Process. The option to join again remains open to them.
Member Organizations [Rabat Process refers to these as “partner organizations”] (2 organizations)
- European Commission
- Commission of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
A rotating Chair system is in place whereby the Chair alternates between African and European member States of the Steering Committee.
Current Chair: Morocco (2022-2023)
Past Chairs: Spain (2021-2022) Equatorial Guinea (2021), France (2019-2020), Burkina Faso (2018), Belgium (2017), Mali (2016)
Observer States (1 country)
Observer Organizations (9 organizations)
- African Development Bank
- EU External Borders Agency (Frontex)
- International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
- International Labour Organization (ILO)
- International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
- World Bank
The Rabat Process Secretariat has organised a series of consultations with international organisations, civil society and the academia in order to include their perspective and recommendations in the elaboration of the next political declaration and action plan 2018-2020.
- December 14, 2022, Cádiz, Spain, Rabat Process 6th Ministerial Conference
- December 13, 2022, Cádiz, Spain, Rabat Process Senior Officials’ MeetingApril 20-21, 2021, Paris, France, Senior Officials' Meeting
- April 19, 2021, Paris, France, Thematic Workshop on Migration and Development
- December 15, 2020, Virtual Event, Joint Steering Committee Meeting of the Khartoum Process and the Rabat Process on the Update of the Joint Valletta Action Plan (JVAP)
- October 28, 2020, Virtual Event, Coordination meeting with reference countries
- October 15 2020, Virtual Event, Steering Committee meeting
- September 16, 2020, Virtual Event, Webinar on the Assessment of Anti-Trafficking Gaps, Needs and Transferrable Practices in the Member States of ECOWAS and Mauritania
- February 18, 2020, Brussels, Belgium, Steering Committee Meeting
- November 13, 2019, Brussels, Belgium, Steering Committee Meeting on Joint Valetta Action Plan
- November 2019, Abuja, Nigeria, Technical Workshop on Remittances and Sustainable Development
- October 24, 2019 , Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, Workshop on the fight against migrant smuggling
- September 2019, Brussels, Belgium, Steering Committee Meeting
- July 1-2, 2019, Madrid, Spain, Thematic Meeting on border management
- June 3, 2019, Brussels, Belgium, Steering Committee Meeting (Handover Chairmanship to France)
- February 12-13, 2019, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Senior Officials Meeting / Launch of Marrakesh Action Plan 2018-2020
- February 11, 2019, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Steering Committee Meeting
- January 23, 2019, Brussels, Belgium, Steering Committee Meeting
- November 14-15, 2018, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Joint Valetta Action Plan Senior Officials' Meeting
- October 23-24, 2018, Paris, France, Thematic Meeting on the Root Causes of Irregular Migration
- May 2, 2018, Marrakesh, Morocco, 5th Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development
- May 1, 2018, Marrakesh, Morocco, Senior Officials Meeting
- April 30, 2018, Marrakesh, Morocco, Rabat Process Steering Committee
- January 25, 2018, Brussels, Belgium, Rabat Process Steering Committee
- October 24-25, 2017, Accra, Ghana, Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)
- May 2-3, 2017, Brussels, Belgium, Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)
- February 8-9, 2017, Malta, Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) on State of Play Implementation of the Joint Valletta Action Plan, St . Julian's
- November 30-1 December, 2016, Praia, Cabo Verde Technical Meeting on Visa Facilitation
- October 5-6, 2016, Bamako, Mali, Thematic Meeting on diaspora engagement strategies
- June 21-22, 2016, Brussels, Belgium, Expert level stock-taking event on the implementation of the Valletta Action Plan.
- May 31-June 1, 2016, Brussels, Belgium, Thematic Meeting on return, readmission and reintegration.
- December 3-4, 2015, Porto, Portugal Thematic Meeting on Trafficking in Human Beings and Migrant Smuggling
- December 2, 2015, Porto, Portugal Meeting of High Level Representatives of the Rabat Process
- June, 15-16, 2015, Rabat, Morocco, Thematic Meeting on asylum and international protection in the Rabat Process Region
- November 27, 2014, Rome, Italy, Fourth Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development
- June 26-27, 2014, Rome, Italy, Senior Officials Meeting
- June 6, 2012, Meeting of high level representatives' follow-up to the 3rd Euro-African Ministerial conference on migration and development
- November 23, 2011, Dakar, Senegal, 3rd Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development
- November 25, 2008, Paris, France, 2nd Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development
- July 10-11, 2006, Rabat, Morocco, 1st Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development.
- Cadiz Political Declaration and Action Plan 2023-2027
- Rabat Process Fact Sheet 2022
- Rabat Process factsheet
- Rabat Process 10 years brochure. A Decade of Dialogue on Migration and Development
- Stocktaking report on the implementation of the Rome Program 2015-2017
- Joint Valletta Action Plan
- Analysis Report in preparation for the Joint Valletta Action Plan
- Joint Rabat Process and Khartoum Process Conclusions of the 2017 Valletta Summit on Migration
- Implementing the Marrakesh Action Plan: a new report on progress and prospects
- Contact information