Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development (Rabat Process)

Established 2006

Objectives

The Euro-African Dialogue on Migration and Development (Rabat Process) brings together European and African countries from North, West and Central Africa, as well as the European Commission (EC) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), with a view to tackling questions arising from migration issues.  The Rabat Process provides a framework for consultation and coordination; contributes to meeting the challenges posed by migration; and encourages opportunities for exchange and development. 

Current Focus

Specific areas of discussion include:

  • strengthening synergies between migration and development;
  • organising legal migration;
  • protection of migrant’s rights;
  • combatting irregular migration;
  • asylum and international protection;
  • border management;
  • readmission and return;
  • policy consistency and coordination on acquiring and sharing information.

Member States (57 States)

Austria Italy
Belgium Ivory Coast
Benin Latvia
Bulgaria Liberia
Burkina Faso Lithuania
Cameroon Luxembourg
Cape Verde Mali
Central African Republic Malta
Chad Morocco
Croatia Mauritania
Cyprus Netherlands
Czech Republic Niger
  Democratic Republic of Congo Nigeria
Denmark Norway
    Poland
Estonia Portugal
Finland Republic of the Congo
France Romania
Gabon   São Tomé and Príncipe
Gambia Senegal
Germany Sierra Leone
Ghana Slovakia
Greece Slovenia
Guinea-Bissau Spain
Guinea Sweden
Equatorial Guinea Switzerland
Hungary Togo
Iceland Tunisia
Ireland United Kingdom
Since the Rabat Process Ministerial Conference, held in November 2014, Egypt and Libya are no longer members of the Rabat Process. The option to join the Process again remains open to them.

Current Presidency: The Rabat Process is governed by a Steering Committee with rotating co-chairs. The Steering Committee is composed of Belgium, Burkina Faso, Equatorial Guinea, France, Italy, Mali, Morocco, Portugal, Senegal, Spain, the European Commission and the ECOWAS Commission.

Current Chair: Belgium

Observer States

  • Algeria

Participating organizations

  • European Commission,
  • Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

Observer organizations:

  • African Development Bank,
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO),
  • EU External Borders Agency (Frontex),
  • International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
  • International Labour Organization (ILO)
  • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
  • World Bank

Partners:

Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)

Secretariat

The EU funds a Project supporting the Rabat Process, the current phase of which is implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD).  The previous phase was implemented by a consortium formed by ICMPD and the International and Ibero-American Foundation for Administration and Public Policies (FIIAPP).

Website:

https://processus-de-rabat.org/en
https://www.rabat-process.org/en

Recent Meetings

Previous Meetings

  • Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) on State of Play Implementation of the Joint Valletta Action Plan, St. Julian's, Malta, 8-9 February 2017
  • Thematic Meeting on return, readmission and reintegration, May 31-June 1, 2016, Brussels
  • Expert level stock-taking event on the implementation of the Valletta Action Plan, June 21-22, 2016 , Brussels
  • Technical Meeting on Visa Facilitation, November 30 – 1 December, 2016 , Praia, Cabo Verde
  • Thematic Meeting on return, readmission and reintegration, May 31 – June 1, 2016, Brussels, Belgium
  • Expert level stock-taking event on the implementation of the Valletta Action Plan, June 21-22, 2016, Brussels, Belgium
  • Thematic Meeting on Trafficking in Human Beings and Migrant Smuggling, 3-4 December 2015
  • Meeting of High Level Representatives of the Rabat Process, 2 December 2015
  • Thematic Meeting on asylum and international protection in the Rabat Process Region, 15-16 June 2015
  • Fourth Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development, 27 November 2014
  • Senior Officials Meeting, 26-27 June 2014
  • Meeting of high level representatives follow-up to the 3rd Euro-African Ministerial conference on migration and development, 6
    June 2012
  • 3rd Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development, November 2011
  • 2nd Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development, November 2008
  • 1st Euro-African Ministerial Conference on Migration and Development, July 2006

Contact Information
info@processusderabat.net

Related Links

A Decade of Dialogue on Migration and Development
The Evolution of the Rabat Process
Rabat Process Brochure
http://fiiapp.org/proyectos_fiiapp/rabat-iii-proceso-de-rabat-la-estrate...

Principal Documents

Valletta Action Plan
Rabat Process Analysis Report on Joint Valletta Action Plan
Joint Rabat Process and Khartoum Process Conclusions of the 2017 Valletta Summit on Migration and the Joint Valletta Action Plan
Rome Declaration, 2014