Conflict is a principle driver of population displacement, requiring peace preservation and peacebuilding interventions attuned to the mobility dimensions of conflict. IOM supports a diverse peacebuilding portfolio designed to prevent, manage and resolve conflict as a driver of displacement and obstacle to return and reintegration working at individual, community and institutional levels.
Tailored, context-specific approaches work to prevent the recruitment of at-risk individuals into armed groups, including violent extremist organizations. These approaches also support the reintegration of former combatants by providing livelihood options and alternative pathways which increase participation and strengthen social cohesion.
Communities are supported to manage local conflict, reduce violence and strengthen social cohesion. The Organization also supports the reintegration of former combatants through stabilization approaches that address locally defined needs, as well as efforts to increase cooperation, participation and problem solving for effective conflict prevention and resolution.
Institutions are capacitated to improve government/citizen cooperation for more resilience and sustainable conflict management, prevention and reintegration processes, reform of the security sector and improved community-police relations.
Peacebuilding requires conflict-sensitive attention to complex social dynamics attentive to gender, youth, human rights and protection considerations. Peacebuilding must also be supportive of transitional justice, equity, and inclusive livelihoods and governance. As such, IOM’s approach to peacebuilding supports the objectives of the Humanitarian-Development-Peace Nexus and the Sustaining Peace Agenda.