Almaty Process

Type: Regional consultative process on migration (region: Eurasia)

Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization : None

Established: 2013


The Almaty Process aims to:

  • Promote dialogue on international migration and refugee protection
  • Promote the implementation of a coherent, integrated and differentiated policy on people on the move
  • Develop mechanisms for monitoring and resolving issues related to irregular migration
  • To develop an action plan within the framework of the project aimed at strengthening the capacity of States to manage migration and ensure the protection of refugees



Current Thematic Focus
  • Asylum
  • Combatting human trafficking
  • Human mobility
  • Human rights of migrants
  • Irregular migration
  • Migrant integration
  • Migrant vulnerabilities
  • Migration management
  • Migration policy and governance
  • Migration trends / drivers of migration 
  • Refugees and protection 

Chairing Country

  • Current Chair: Azerbaijan (2023-2024)
  • Past Chairs: Turkey (2021-2022), Tajikistan (2018-2020), Kyrgyzstan (October 2016-September 2018), Kazakhstan (2013-2016)

The chairmanship of the Almaty Process is open to all participating States on a voluntary basis. The term of office is two years.

Secretariat / Support Unit

The Government of the Chairing Country acts also as Secretariat. Upon Almaty Process 'Member States' invitation, IOM and UNHCR perform the Support Unit functions providing technical and administrative assistance to the Chair and the Secretariat. 


Member States (6 States)

  • Afghanistan
  • Azerbaijan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Tajikistan
  • Türkiye

Note:  Founding Members: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan.


Observer States (4 States)

  • Iran
  • Italy                
  • Pakistan
  • Turkmenistan

*Accession of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Almaty Process is pending

States can be invited to observe meetings on an ad hoc basis (e.g. China, France, Palestine, Russian Federation, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States of America and Uzbekistan have been invited to different Almaty Process events). 

Observer organizations

International or regional organizations can be invited on an ad hoc basis to observe Almaty Process events depending on the theme. 


More documents can be found

Contact information

IOM Sub Regional Coordination Office for Central Asia, Kazakhstan 
Address: 6A Zverev Street, Almaty - 14 Mambetov street, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
Tel: +7 7 172 790345/46/47/48
Fax: +7 7172 790349
E- mail:

Office of the UNHCR Regional Representative / Regional Coordinator for Central Asia
Address: 67 Tole bi, 05000 Almaty, Kazakhstan
Tel: +7 727 258 4598
Fax: +7 727 258 3982
Website: http: / /

Website of Almaty Process:

More Information