Type: Regional consultative process on migration (region covered: Europe)
The Budapest Process is a consultative forum with over 50 governments and numerous international organisations, aiming at developing comprehensive and sustainable systems for orderly migration. During its more than 20 years of operation, the Budapest Process has developed from an information sharing tool between European countries in a pre-EU enlargement setting to a far-reaching European-Asian forum for improving migration management. It is chaired by Turkey and co-chaired by Hungary since 2006.
The Budapest Process is managed through annual Senior Officials Meetings gathering all participating states. In addition, its geographic working group structure gives interested states in certain sub-regions an additional platform to discuss migration and related matters.
Celebrating its 20th anniversary in 2013, the Budapest Process witnessed an important landmark when the Istanbul Ministerial Declaration on a Silk Routes Partnership for Migration was adopted in Turkey. The Silk Routes Region refers to Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq and Pakistan. Cooperation with these countries started in 2010 and since then these countries have successively joined the forum as new participating or observer states. The main objective of the partnership is to promote dialogue and mutual cooperation in managing migration flows taking place along the Silk Routes.
The Istanbul Ministerial Declaration identified six priority areas:
1. Better organise and improve conditions for legal migration and mobility
2. Support the integration of migrants and counteracting phenomena such as discrimination, racism and xenophobia
3. Strengthen the positive impact of migration on development
4. Prevent and counteract irregular migration facilitating return and readmission of irregular migrants
5. Prevent and combat human trafficking
6. Promote international protection
Member States [Referred by the Budapest Process as “Participating States”] (52 States)
Budapest Process has a permanent chair.
Member Organizations [Referred by the Budapest Process as “Participating Organizations”] (19 organizations)
Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization (BSEC)
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Executive Committee
Council of Europe (CoE)
Eurasian Economic Community (http://www.evrazes.com)
European Commission (EC)
European Police Office (EUROPOL)
European Border and Coast Guard Agency (FRONTEX)
International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
International Labour Organization (ILO)
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Migration, Asylum, Refugees Regional Initiative (MARRI)
Southeast European law enforcement center (SELEC) (http://www.selec.org)
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
European External Action Service (EEAS)
Inter-Governmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees (IGC)
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Observer States (7 States)
The Budapest Process currently has three regional working groups:
- Regional working group for the Silk Routes Region
- Regional working group for the South East European Region
- Regional working group for the Black Sea Region.
The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) acts as the Technical Secretariat of the Budapest Process.
Budapest Process Secretariat
Gonzagagasse 1, 5th floor, A-1010 Vienna
T: +43 1 504 46 77 – 0
F: +43 1 504 46 77 – 2375
- May 7-8, 2018, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Joint Meeting of the Silk Routes and South East European Working Groups on Return and Reintegration
- April 16-17, 2018, Istanbul, Turkey, Senior Officials Meeting (Second Preparatory Meeting for the 6th Budapest Process Ministerial Conference).
- December 14-15, 2017, Sofia, Bulgaria, Joint meeting of the Silk Routes and the Black Sea Working Groups on Return and Reintegration.
- November 27-28, 2017, Istanbul, Turkey, Senior Officials Meeting (First Preparatory Meeting for the 6th Budapest Process Ministerial Conference).
- September 20-21, 2017, Ankara, Turkey, Drafting Group Meeting for the Ministerial Conference in 2018.
- March 2, 2017, Istanbul, Turkey, Consultation Meeting “Ministerial Conference 2018 and the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration”.
- December 15, 2016, Antalya, Turkey, 24th Senior Officials Meeting, Conclusions EN
- 9th Silk Routes Working Group Meeting (Integration and Re-integration)
- October 18-19, 2016, Belgrade, Serbia, May 18-19, 2016, Tehran, Iran, 8th Silk Routes Working Group Meeting (International Protection of Refugees)
- 14 - 15 December 2015, Budapest, Hungary, 24th Senior Officials’ Meeting
- 16 December 2014, Istanbul, Turkey, 22nd Senior Officials’ Meeting
- 19 April 2013, Istanbul, Turkey, 5th Ministerial Conference [Istanbul Ministerial Declaration Silk Routes Partnership EN]
- 26 June 2003, Rhodes, Greece, 4th Ministerial Conference [Final recommendations of the Rhodes Ministerial Conference EN]
- 15 October 1997, Prague, Czech Republic, 3rd Ministerial Conference [Final recommendations of the Prague Ministerial Conference En]
- 16 February 1993, Budapest, Hungary, 2nd Ministerial conference, [Final recommendations of the Budapest Ministerial Conference En]
- 31 October 1991, Berlin, Germany, 1st Ministerial conference [Final recommendations of the Berlin Ministerial Conference En]
Following the consultation meeting in Istanbul in March 2017, and input from participating countries, Turkey will organise a Ministerial Conference in 2018, and has proposed a Call for Action on large movements of refugees and migrants under the Silk Routes Partnership for Migration. The Call for Action will invite participating countries and other stakeholders to join forces to further improve migration management along the Silk Routes, to protect migrants and refugees. This includes addressing the root causes of irregular migration, managing on-going movements and dealing with the aftermath and consequences of movements with a view to strengthening cooperation and responsibility sharing. The Chair will especially seek to include elements which will increase the operational capacity and the ad hoc usability of the Silk Routes Partnership for Migration.
For more information, please see:
Working Group Meetings (https://www.budapestprocess.org/meetings/working-group-meetings)
Senior Official Meetings (https://www.budapestprocess.org/meetings/senior-official-meetings)
Ministerial Meetings (https://www.budapestprocess.org/meetings/ministerial-conferences)
Budapest Process Factsheet (EN)
Budapest Process Factsheet (RU)
20 Years Budapest Process
Budapest Process Multi-Annual Strategy 2014-16 (RU)
Budapest Process Multi-Annual Strategy 2014-16 (EN)
Budapest Process Multi-Annual Strategy 2014-16 (AR)
Istanbul Ministerial Declaration on a Silk Routes Partnership for Migration ( EN | RU )