Prevention is better than cure, and IOM carries out information campaigns in both source and destination countries to educate the general public about trafficking in persons, encourage people to report suspected cases, and equip vulnerable populations with the information necessary to better protect themselves from the recruitment tactics of traffickers.
Our use of mass media ensures that the information reaches large populations quickly, while we also work with local media, such as community theatre, posters, and interpersonal communicative methods, to target particular populations with bespoke messages.
Our technical cooperation activities build capacities of both government and civil society institutions to better address the challenges posed by human trafficking. This includes training non-governmental organizations and government officials, such as police, technical support in the development of counter-trafficking legislation, policies and procedures, and infrastructural upgrades.
We offer comprehensive direct assistance packages to victims of trafficking in collaboration with our partners. This includes accommodation in places of safety, medical and psychosocial support, skills development and vocational training, reintegration assistance, and the options of voluntary, safe and dignified return to countries of origin, integration in the country of destination or resettlement to third countries when needed.
IOM estimates that as many as one third of trafficked persons are minors, and adheres to a policy of offering specialized protection to this most vulnerable group. All our counter-trafficking activities are developed and implemented within a framework centered on the well-being of the trafficked person.
Quantitative and Qualitative Research
IOM conducts both quantitative and qualitative research as an essential information source to improve our - and others’ – fight against human trafficking. Specific areas of focus have included human trafficking routes and trends, the causes and consequences of human trafficking both for the individual trafficked person and for society as well as the structures, motivations, and modi operandi of organized criminal groups. While much of this work has been done at national level, we increasingly collect and analyze data on human trafficking from a regional perspective to better support cooperation between states to combat cross-border trade. To support these efforts, we carry out considerable research in the areas of legislation and policy.
IOM recognizes that each victim is unique and requires and desires bespoke assistance. Likewise, the nature of trafficking differs from area to area and keeps evolving, requiring changing responses.
Handbook on Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking
The IOM Handbook on Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking is not meant to provide a single methodology for the provision of assistance to victims of trafficking. Rather, it offers suggestions and guidance based on IOM’s many years of experience. We intended to produce a helpful tool to all organizations providing such assistance, but especially to those who are just beginning to develop victim assistance programmes and can benefit from IOM’s experiences.
This Handbook provides guidance and advice on effectively delivering a full range of assistance to victims of trafficking - from the point of initial contact and screening to the social reintegration of the individuals concerned.
IOM Global Human Trafficking Database
For more than a decade, IOM has developed and maintained a standardized counter-trafficking data management tool, the IOM Global Human Trafficking Database, which is the largest global database with primary data on victims of trafficking.
The Database facilitates the management of all IOM direct assistance, movement and reintegration processes through a centrally managed system, as well as mapping victims’ trafficking experiences. In return, the database strengthens research capacity and the understanding of the causes, processes, trends and consequences of trafficking. It serves as a knowledge bank from which statistics and detailed reports can be drawn, and information be provided for research, programme development and policy-making on counter-trafficking.
In all cases, IOM ensures that no information which could compromise the privacy or identity of trafficked individuals is released: strict controls designed to ensure confidentiality and security of all data have been established.
For more information about IOM’s counter-trafficking programmes, activities and publications, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org