Madagascar is a source country for human trafficking both within the country and transnationally. According to the US State Department’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TiP) Report, Madagascar has been declassed to the Tier 2 Watch List, underlining the urgency to address human trafficking through the prevention, persecution, and provision of assistance to victims.
In close collaboration with the Office of the Prime Minister, the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of Justice, IOM’s 36-month counter-trafficking project will enhance the criminal justice system’s response to TiP through the development of a Training Manual for Practitioners of Criminal Justice, the development of a Memorandum of Understanding to increase effective coordination between the Government, civil society, and NGOs; and the provision of assistance to victims of trafficking (VoTs), including shelter, medical, psychological and legal assistance.
Donor: US Department of State’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TiP)
Integrated Border Management
In September 2016, IOM launched an 18-month project, under which IOM has been tasked to implement the border component of a wider Security Sector Reform (SSR) initiative, bringing together UNDP, IOM, UNICEF, the OHCHR, and UNFPA. Through this project, IOM Madagascar will establish a Technical Working Group inclusive of all border management entities; build capacities of stakeholders on concepts and practices of integrated border management; complete a comprehensive evaluation of Madagascar’s border security and border management system; and pilot two integrated border management spaces, including the provision of infrastructure and equipment support, as well as capacity-building for frontline immigration and border control officials.
Donor: UN Peacebuilding Fund
The Malagasy Diaspora remains strongly connected and influential in Madagascar, represented by over 240 associations in France alone, and contributing approximately 86 million euros to Madagascar’s GDP each year.
In support to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, IOM implements activities to establish the sustainable and productive engagement of the Malagasy Diaspora for national development. Activities have included the commission of the first study on the Profile of the Malagasy Diaspora in France, which has formed the foundation for the development of the National Policy on Diaspora Engagement. Additionally, IOM is supporting the preparation and holding of the first Diaspora Forum, bringing together Malagasy abroad and local actors, such as the Government, civil society, the private sector, and donors, in a conference centred on the development of the country.
Migration, Environment, and Climate Change
Madagascar remains one of the most economically impacted countries in the world from natural disasters, and one of the most likely to be negatively affected by climate change.
In 2016, IOM launched an 18-month project to build capacity and develop necessary evidence in order to develop public policy and orient an operational plan for migration management and its relationship with the environment, including climate change and natural disasters. This project will produce a national assessment on South-to-North migration due to climate and environmental changes, which will be steered by the Technical Working Group, with participation from the Ministry of the Environment, other relevant ministries, NGOs and CSOs. The findings of the assessment will be presented during a National Dialogue in Madagascar, as well as at a Regional Forum on migration and the environment with the Southern African Development Community and the Indian Ocean Commission.
Donor: IOM Development Fund
With 90 per cent of Madagascar’s population living in poverty, mobility in search of employment continues to represent an attractive opportunity. IOM works closely with the Ministry of Employment and national stakeholders to strengthen Madagascar’s labour migration management and ensure that the fundamental rights of migrants are respected.
IOM’s labour migration initiatives support the Government through a study-tour to Mauritius to learn about the successful governance practices of South-to-South bilateral migration cooperation, the completion of a comprehensive national labour migration assessment, capacity building through the elaboration of bilateral labour agreements, and the development of a roadmap to strengthen labour migration management in Madagascar during 2017-2019.
The DTM (Displacement Tracking Matrix) is a set of tools developed by IOM to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations, as well as to facilitate the intervention of humanitarian actors.
In Madagascar, the DTM is used to track displacement as a result of the prolonged drought in the South, which has placed its population in a protracted humanitarian emergency. Working alongside the Bureau National de la Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes (BNCRG), other UN agencies, and local authorities, the DTM identifies the communities rendered most vulnerable due to drought-induced migration in the Androy region, which will be recorded through quarterly DTM reports and addressed by humanitarian actors through community stabilization initiatives.
Donor: Government of Japan
Emergency Shelter Assistance
Madagascar is regularly affected by natural disasters, such as Cyclone Enawo which hit the country in March 2017. As the strongest tropical storm in 13 years, it left 81 dead, 433,985 people affected, and 40,520 homes destroyed.
IOM Madagascar began a six-month project in April in two of the most vulnerable districts affected by Cyclone Enawo: Antalaha and Maroantsetra. With the support of the Bureau National de la Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes (BNCRG), CARE International, the Malagasy Red Cross, and local authorities, IOM provides robust shelter assistance through the provision of shelter kits, technical support in the procurement of construction materials, and support in the reconstruction of 3,000 homes, thereby mitigating forced displacement and addressing one aspect of community resilience.
Donor: UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)
- US Department of State’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TiP)
- IOM Development Fund
- Embassy of France in Antananarivo
- UN Peacebuilding Fund
- Government of Japan
Last updated: October 2017