Who we are
WHO WE AREThe International Organization for Migration (IOM) is part of the United Nations System as the leading inter-governmental organization promoting since 1951 humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all, with 175 member states and a presence in 171 countries.
Our WorkAs the leading inter-governmental organization promoting since 1951 humane and orderly migration, IOM plays a key role to support the achievement of the 2030 Agenda through different areas of intervention that connect both humanitarian assistance and sustainable development.
- Where we work
- Take Action
- Data and Research
- 2030 Agenda
Processes on refugees are NOT inter-State consultation mechanisms on migration.
They are listed here since they contribute to overall migration governance at regional, interregional or global levels.
There exist other consultative processes addressing migration issues, which are not inter-State consultation mechanisms on migration. These other processes include the processes addressing refugee issues.
The processes on refugees and processes on durable solutions are consultative processes on migration but unlike core ISCMs they have an implementation function – they implement or monitor implementation of a document on treating the refugees in receiving countries.
They are usually facilitated by the UN Refugee Agency – the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
List of major processes on refugees
Americas Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (MIRPS)
Cartagena Process (Framework for Cooperation and Regional Solidarity to Strengthen the International Protection of Refugees, Displaced and Stateless Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean”)
CIREFCA Process (Committee of International Conference on Central American Refugees)
Comprehensive Plan of Action for Indo-Chinese Refugees (CPA)
Durable Solutions Initiative for the Great Lakes region
High Level Regional Meeting on Education for Refugees in the Arab Region
Inter-institutional Initiative on Durable Solutions for Displaced Persons from Kosovo* (Skopje Process)
Nairobi Process (IGAD Summit on Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees)
Regional Conference of Central African Heads of State refugees
Sarajevo Process (Durable Solutions Process for refugees from Croatia displaced by the 91-95 conflict, including cessation of refugee status)
Note: * References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).
Note: Unlike processes on refugees, ISCMs are not confined to refugee issues or a framework for durable solutions for refugees. Some ISCMs (e.g. Arab Regional Consultative Process on migration and refugee affairs (ARCP); Almaty Process on Refugee Protection and International Migration; African Union Horn of Africa Initiative on Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling (AU HoAI); Bali Process; Caribbean Migration Consultations (CMC); International Technical Meeting on Human Mobility of Venezuelan Citizens in the Region (Quito Process); Regional Conference on Migration (RCM); the now-dormant CIS Conference; etc.) address refugee affairs along with other aspects of migration – these are not processes on refugees – these are ISCMs since they have the characteristics of ISCMs: they are ongoing State-led, multilateral, advisory, consultative and networking policy dialogues at the regional, interregional or global level addressing migration issues of common interest.